Needs in Managing the General Education Section of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools toward Excellence

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Phrachoedsak Srijan
Saowanee Sirisooksilp
Putcharee Junpeng

Abstract

The objectives of this research were (1) to study the current state and desired state of the General Education Section of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools, and (2) to study the needs in managing the General Education Section of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools toward excellence. The sample used in the research composed of school managers, school directors or school acting directors, school deputy directors, and teachers working in the general education section of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools, totaling 1,352. The instruments in this research were (1) a need assessment form, which was a 5-point rating scale with the dual response format of 30 items to collect the data in details on the present school management and the desired school management, with the discrimination between 0.51 and 0.83 and Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient of 0.95, and (2) a field note. The analysis of data employed descriptive statistics, t-test (independent samples) and Modified Priority Needs Index (PNIModified).
The research results revealed that:
(1) On the whole, the current state of management of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools was in the average level ( gif.latex?\bar{x}= 3.13, S.D. = 0.78). When each aspect was considered, it was found that the highest mean fell on the aspect of outcomes ( gif.latex?\bar{x}= 3.16, S.D. = 0.81), followed by the aspect of organization leading (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 3.15, S.D. = 0.82), and the aspect with the lowest mean was students and stakeholders (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 3.10, S.D. = 0.49). Regarding the desired state of managing Phra Pariyattidharma Schools toward excellence, on the whole, it was in the high level (gif.latex?\bar{x} = 4.39, S.D. = 0.58). When considered by aspect, the aspect of the outcomes had the highest mean ( gif.latex?\bar{x}= 4.39, S.D. = 0.58), followed by the aspect of organization leading ( gif.latex?\bar{x}= 4.41, S.D. = 0.60), and the aspect with the lowest mean was students and stakeholders ( gif.latex?\bar{x}= 4.37, S.D. = 0.63), respectively.
(2) The overall results of the assessment of needs in managing the General Education Section of Phra Pariyattidharma Schools toward excellence revealed that the administrators and teachers had a difference between the needs in the current state and the needs in the desired state, with statistical significance at the level of .01 (PNIModified = 0.371). When each aspect was considered, it was found that the aspect with the highest development need was the aspect of students and stakeholders (PNIModified = 0.40), followed by the aspect of planning (PNIModified = 0.40) and performance (PNIModified = 0.407), and the aspect with the lowest development need was the aspect of personnel (PNIModified = 0.39), sequentially.

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