The Effects of Working Memory Training Program on Senior High School Students

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พนิดา อนุมัติ
จุฑามาศ แหนจอน
วรากร ทรัพย์วิระปกรณ์

Abstract

      This research aimed to study the effects of the working memory (WM) training program on senior high school students. The sample consisted of 50 11th grade students in the academic year 2017, in Nikhomwittaya School, Nikhom Phatthana District, Rayong Province, who voluntarily participated in the project and were able to take part in the activities throughout the experiment. The sample was obtained by using random assignment and matching into two groups; each group consisted of 25 students. The experimental group had 25 students, and so did the control group. The experimental group received the working memory training program, which was designed by the researcher. It consisted of 12 fifty-minute sessions of training to enhance working memory. The training was carried out 3 days a week for 4 weeks. Meanwhile, the control group received the regular teaching. The sample was evaluated on the working memory with a working memory measurement tool, one back task, before and after the experiment. The data analysis employed t-test.


          The research findings were as follows:


  1. The students in the experimental group who received the working memory training program had the posttest mean score on the aspect of correctness of working memory higher than that of the students in the control group, with statistical significance at the .05 level. There were no differences on the other aspect.

  2. The students in the experimental group who received the working memory training program had the working memory posttest mean score on the aspects of correctness, errors and speed of response higher than the pretest score, with statistical significance at the .05 level.

           It could be concluded that the WM training program could enhance the working memory on the aspect of correctness of senior high school students.

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References

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