Comperisons of Learning Achivement,Analytical Thinking and Attitude Toward History Subject Learning The Historical Development of Thai Sukhothai 0f Mathayomsuksa 1 Students Using the 7-E Inquiry Learning Activities and 4 MAT Learning Activities

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กุลณัฐ บุญจรัส
สาน วิไล
สุขศิลป์ ประสงค์สุข

Abstract

The purposes of this research were : (1) to develop plans of learning organization
using the 7-E inquiry learning activities and 4 MAT learning activities the historical
development of Thai Sukhothai 0f Mathayomsuksa 1 with a required efficiency of 80/80, (2)
to find out effectiveness indices of those two types of plans of learning organization, (3) to
compare achievement, analytical thinking and attitudes toward history subject learning of
the students between before and after using of the two mentioned approaches and, (4) to
compare achievement, analytical thinking and attitudes toward history subject learning of
the students who learned using the two different approaches. The sample used in this study
consisted of 62 Mathayomsuksa 1 students attending Chumchonbannongkoon School and
Bannonglak School, Muangsamsip District, Ubonratchathani Province in the second semester
of the academic year of 2012, selected through the cluster randomsampling technique. The
instruments used in the study were : plans for organization of learning activities using of the
two mentioned approaches, 2 hours per week in each plan, for a total of 12 hours of
teaching; a 40 – item achievement test with discriminating powers ranging 0.23–0.95 and a
reliability of 0.82 ; a 25 – item test of analytical thinking with difficulties ranging 0.26 – 0.68,
discriminating powers ranging 0.25–0.73 and a reliability (KR-20) of 0.87 ; and 20 – item rating
– scale questionnaire on attitudes toward history subject learning with discriminating powers
ranging 0.31-0.66 and a reliability (α) of 0.88. The paired t-test and Hotelling T2 were
employed for testing the hypotheses.
The results of the study were as follows:
1. The plans of learning organization using the 7-E inquiry learning activities and
4 MAT learning activities the historical development of Thai Sukhothai of Mathayomsuksa 1
had efficiencies of 84.01/83.25, and of 85.13/84.21 respectively.
2. The effectiveness indices of plans of learning organization of learning activities
using the 7-E inquiry learning activities and 4 MAT learning activities, were 0.6480 and 0.6773
respectively.
3. The students who learned using the 7-E inquiry and the 4 MAT learning
activities showed gains in achievement, analytical thinking, and attitude toward history
subject was higher than before at the level of significant .01.
4. The learning achievement, analytical thinking, and attitude toward history
subject learning of Matthayomsuksa 1 students by using the 7-E inquiry and the 4 MAT
learning activities was not different.
In conclusion, learning activities using the 7-E inquiry learning activities and 4 MAT
learning activities were effective and appropriate to gain learning achievement, analytical
thinking ability and attitude toward learning of students. Therefore should encourage the
teachers to implement these approaches in social studies learning more appropriately.

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Research Article