The Use of Robes in Theravada Buddhism

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พระกฤษฎิ์ณวัช ปภากโร
ศุลีพร เศวตพงษ์


This article aims to analyze the use of robes in Theravada Buddhism. The data were collected from the Tipitaka, Commentaries, Sub-commentaries, literary works and related documents. The data were analyzed, classified and presented in a descriptive method. The results of the study found that monks had 3 robes; upper-robe, outer-robe and under-robe. The robe originally referred to discard clothe that the monks collected, cleansed, dyed and sewed in permitted colour and size. Later,the Lord Buddha permitted monks to accept offering-robes called Gahapaticivara. In addition, the permitted robes can be made of bark, cotton, silk, wool, linen and the mixture of five materials mentioned. The use of robes in Theravada Buddhism is focused on the aim of consumption function of robe. That consumption is to fulfill the need in life, not for fun, decoration and social status indication. Monks have to be mindful every time when they put on and off the robes. If they cannot contemplate while wearing the robe, they can make contemplation later. The contemplation on the robe can be done in 3 occasions: while accepting the robe, while wearing the robe and after wearing the robe.


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ปภากโร พ., & เศวตพงษ์ ศ. (2018). The Use of Robes in Theravada Buddhism. Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU, 1(1), 146–158. Retrieved from
Research Article