Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <div id="content">&nbsp;</div> <h2><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">วารสารครุศาสตร์ปริทรรศน์ คณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย</span></h2> <div id="content"> <div id="journalDescription"> <p class="a" align="left"><strong><span lang="TH"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">จัดทำดัชนีใน&nbsp;</span><a title="ศูนย์ดัชนีการอ้างอิงวารสารไทย: ศูนย์ดัชนีการอ้างอิงไทย (TCI)" href="https://www.kmutt.ac.th/jif/public_html/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img title="tci" src="https://www.tci-thaijo.org/public/site/images/tci_admin/tci.png" alt="tci" width="90" height="35" border="0"></a></span></strong></p> </div> </div> <p>วารสารครุศาสตร์ปริทรรศน์ คณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย <span style="vertical-align: inherit;">ISSN: 2392-5507, E-ISSN: 2673-003</span></p> <p>มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อเป็นแหล่งเผยแพร่ ส่งเสริม และสนับสนุนให้คณาจารย์ นักวิจัย นักวิชาการ และนิสิตนักศึกษาตลอดจนผู้สนใจทั่วไป ได้มีโอกาสนำผลงานวิชาการและงานวิจัย ในสาขาวิชาที่เกี่ยวข้องกับพุทธศาสนา การศึกษา การบริหารการศึกษา ปรัชญา จิตวิทยาและการแนะแนว ภาษาศาสตร์ การสอนสังคม รัฐศาสตร์ รัฐประศาสนศาสตร์ นิติศาสตร์ เศรษฐศาสตร์ การบริหารจัดการธุรกิจ การพัฒนาสังคม และสาขาวิชาสหวิทยาการอื่นๆ</p> <p>บทความที่ตีพิมพ์เผยแพร่ในวารสาร ได้ผ่านการพิจารณาจากผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิ (Peer Review) อ่านประเมินต้นฉบับ จำนวน 2 ท่าน ต่อ 1 เรื่อง ในลักษณะปกปิดรายชื่อ (Double blind) ซึ่งเปิดรับบทความทั้งภาษาไทยและภาษาอังกฤษ โดยรับพิจารณาตีพิมพ์ต้นฉบับของบุคคลทั้งภายในและภายนอกมหาวิทยาลัย</p> <p>บทความที่ส่งมาขอรับการตีพิมพ์จะต้องไม่เคยตีพิมพ์ หรืออยู่ระหว่างการพิจารณาจากผู้ทรงคุณวุฒิเพื่อตีพิมพ์ในวารสารอื่น ผู้เขียนบทความจะต้องปฏิบัติตามหลักเกณฑ์การเสนอบทความวิชาการ หรือบทความวิจัย และการอ้างอิงต้องเป็นไปตามหลักเกณฑ์ของวารสาร</p> <p>ทัศนะและความคิดเห็นที่ปรากฏในบทความในวารสารฉบับนี้ถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบของผู้เขียนบทความนั้นเพียงผู้เดียว และไม่ถือเป็นทัศนะและความรับผิดชอบของกองบรรณาธิการ</p> <p>กองบรรณาธิการขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการคัดเลือกบทความลงตีพิมพ์และจะแจ้งให้เจ้าของบทความทราบหลังจากผู้ประเมินบทความตรวจอ่านบทความแล้ว</p> <p>วารสารครุศาสตร์ปริทรรศน์ คณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย <br>มีกำหนดออกเผยแพร่ตีพิมพ์ราย 3 ฉบับ ต่อปี (ราย 4 เดือน) ดังนี้</p> <p>ฉบับที่ 1 มกราคม - เมษายน&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>ฉบับที่ 2 พฤษภาคม - สิงหาคม &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>ฉบับที่ 3 กันยายน - ธันวาคม&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> </div> </div> Faculty of Education in MCU en-US Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU 2392-5507 <p>ทัศนะและความคิดเห็นที่ปรากฏในบทความในวารสารฉบับนี้ถือเป็นความรับผิดชอบของผู้เขียนบทความนั้นเพียงผู้เดียว และไม่ถือเป็นทัศนะและความรับผิดชอบของกองบรรณาธิการ</p> <p>กองบรรณาธิการขอสงวนสิทธิ์ในการคัดเลือกบทความลงตีพิมพ์และจะแจ้งให้เจ้าของบทความทราบหลังจากผู้ประเมินบทความตรวจอ่านบทความแล้ว</p> <p>ต้นฉบับที่ได้รับการตีพิมพ์ในวารสารครุศาสตร์ปริทรรศน์ คณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย ถือเป็นกรรมสิทธิ์ของคณะครุศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยมหาจุฬาลงกรณราชวิทยาลัย ห้ามนำข้อความทั้งหมดหรือบางส่วนไปพิมพ์ซ้ำ เว้นเสียแต่ว่าจะได้รับอนุญาตจากมหาวิทยาลัยฯ เป็นลายลักษณ์อักษร</p> DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION QUALITY ASSURANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE CHARITABLE SCHOOLS OF BUDDHIST TEMPLES AREAS OF CENTRAL PROVINCES https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251042 <p>The objectives of this research paper are 1 ) to study the condition of the quality assurance management system for the education quality assurance of Buddhist temples in Buddhist temples; 2 ) to develop the management system for the quality assurance of the education quality assurance for the charity schools of Buddhist temples; 3 ) To test the management system for educational quality assurance in Buddhist temples' charitable schools. 4) To assess the quality assurance management system for Buddhist temples' charitable school education. Central Province. It is a mixed research method. The research sample consisted of 103 persons, interviews with 5 experts and in-depth interviews with 9 experts. The research tools were questionnaires, assessment forms, semi-structured interviews. and analyze the data with basic statistical values by finding the frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean standard deviation The statistics used to compare the learn. The results of the research found that 1) Analysis of opinions about the management of quality assurance charity school of Buddhist temples in the central region as a whole is performing at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was found that the practice was at a high level in all aspects. 2) The results of the development of educational quality assurance management system for charity schools of Buddhist temples in central provinces consisted of 2 components: (1) quality assurance within educational institutions: 1) setting educational standards; 2) Develop an educational management development plan, 3) Implement an educational management development plan, 4) educational quality evaluation and inspection, 5) follow-up on educational quality assessment results, 6) an annual educational quality report, and 7) continually develop educational institutions to have quality; and (2) K-PDCA management system consists of 5 steps: 1) Knowledge: K 2) Plan: P 3) Do: D 4) Check: C and 5) Act: A. 3) The results of the experiment showed that the scores after school were higher than before. There was a statistically significant difference at the .05 level. 4) The results of the assessment found that the issues in the audit were; knowledge education planning implementation of the plan auditing correction. These are 5 possibilities and the most useful.</p> Phrametheepariyatthada (Boonprom Carupuñño) Phramha Siriwattana Siriwatcharaworakun Sewanee Sikkhabundit SiriKarn Tanawutpornpinit Chompoonuch Changcharoen Ranee Jeansuti Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 1 15 THE CULTURAL HERITAGE IMMUNITY PROCESS OF THE FLOATING-MARKET COMMUNITY IN RATCHABURI PROVINCE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/247598 <p class="4" style="text-indent: 49.65pt;">The main purposes of this research are developing the constructive formation process of the cultural heritage immunity of the floating market community in Ratchaburi province. This research is the action research in which the data from the case studies of sub-projects is analyzed. Focus group is used as a tool to collect data was analyzed by the method of descriptive analysis in order to be utilized as the significant paradigm in designing the cultural heritage immunity development method of the floating market community in Ratchaburi province, and to test in the fieldwork level. The operation process was, thus, analyzed per indicator with inference statistics to search for the truth from the operation that accorded with the action research pattern. The findings of this research found that the constructive formation process development of the cultural heritage immunity of the floating market community in Ratchaburi province finds that it is Damnoen Saduak floating market community’s inputs development of the cultural heritage immunity formation process. The process elevates the cooperation in conserving cultural heritage to the official network that links between (1) Damnoen Saduak district (2) Damnoen Saduak subdistrict (3) the sangha of Damnoen Saduak district (4) Wat Shotitayakaram Songkror Kindergarten (5) Ratchaburi Buddhist College Alumni Association (6) Khon Rak Damnoen Saduak Floating Market Association and (7) Vithee Klong Vithee Thai Association, in which these organizations signs “Damnoen Saduak Floating Market’s Cultural Heritage Conservation Volunteer Network” Memorandum of Understanding. In this regard, the 7 associated networks cooperate in designing and producing the symbolic representative object (mascot), which portrays the cooperation in the constructive formation process of the cultural heritage immunity. In the meantime, the networks create a 3D artwork to convey the floating market community lifestyle at the Damnoen Saduak cultural prototype area which is located on the travel route of Damnoen Saduak floating market community. That is to say, the operation assessment per indicator include the context assessment result are all at a high level.</p> Phrakhrusangharak Songphan Jayadatto Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 16 28 A MODEL OF FAITH PROMOTION IN PERSONNEL PERFORMANCE OF PHRAPARIYATTIDHAMMA SCHOOL, GENERAL EDUCATION SECTION https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251133 <p>This research article aimed to propose a model of faith promotion in personnel performance of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section. Mixed methods research was used and there were 3 research steps as follows: Step 1 was to study the condition of faith promotion in personnel performance of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section. The questionnaire was used for collecting data from 556 administrators and teachers of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics which were percentage, frequency, mean, and&nbsp; standard deviation. Step 2 was to develop a model of faith promotion in personnel performance of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section by interviewing 10 key informants, the data was analyzed with content analysis. The third step was to propose a model of faith promotion in personnel performance of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section with a discussion group of 10 experts, the data was analyzed by content analysis. Research results showed that a model of faith promotion in personnel performance of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Section has 4 parts, consisting of Part 1, Preface: 1) Environment, 2) Principle, 3) Objectives. Part 2, Model: 1) Work system and 3 factors affecting work performance, namely personal factors, working environment factors and social, cultural, and psychological factors; 2) management processes, steps in job development and performance, performance appraisal process and 3 faith promoting activities, namely 1) activities for developing analytical and synthesis workshops, 2) activities for promoting faith in the working environment, 3) social-promoting activities, culture and psychology in the performance of dominate yourself, dominate people, and dominate work. Part 3, implementation process consisted of 1) structure, 2) decision making, 3) approaches to assessment by administrators and teachers must coexist as good friend based on the principle of Buddha Dharma, which is Sangahavattha 4, to create reconciliation support together like brothers and sisters, and part 4 conditions for success.</p> Phraatikarn Suwit Diravamso (Junkhra) Sin Ngamprakhon Intha Siriwan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 29 40 MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT HAPPINESS TO AGING WIHT BUDDHIST PSYCHOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/247982 <p>The purposes of this thesis were 1) to study the characteristics of desirable happiness for the elderly in Thai society; 2) to develop a happiness model for the elderly based on Buddhist Psychology in modern society; and 3) to present the happiness model for the elderly based on Buddhist Psychology in modern society. The study was a qualitative research in nature, using an In-depth interview to collect data from 17 key informants as specialists in Buddhism, psychology and elderly people and a focus group discussion with 9 experts. A content analysis was used for analyzing data for developing the happiness model for the elderly based on Buddhist Psychology in modern society. Findings of the study were as follows; 1) The characteristics of desirable happiness for the elderly in modern Thai society included 7 aspects: (1) having a healthy body, (2) having a clear and cheerful mind; Z3) being able to adapt to the environment well, (4) living happily with family, Z5) having sufficient financial status and expenditures, (6) benefiting the surrounding people and society according to the existing potential, and (7) being able to utilize the basic electronic media in modern society. 2) The development of a happiness model for the elderly based on Buddhist Psychology in modern society implemented by creating the elderly development process to have the seven desirable characteristics through the integration of Buddhist psychology principles including (1) building an understanding of the Buddhist nature of the Trinity that occurs, exists and disappears in accordance with the cycle of rebirth; (2) the subjective awareness to create self-happiness by having positive psychology in thinking, speaking, doing, as well as (3) creating the character of the Four Sublime State of Mind and self-developing skills of true friendship, as a training program according to the elderly character development process. 3) The happiness model for the elderly based on Buddhist Psychology in modern society was the training process of the elderly through 3-step creative activities including Step 1: The creating of knowledge and understanding in the Trinity; Step 2: The creating of subjective awareness and development for self-creating happiness for oneself; Step 3: The building of the characteristics of the Four Sublime States of Mind and the Seven True Friends to achieve the goal in creating the desired happiness of the elderly in all 7 aspects.</p> Phrasamu Chokdee Vajirapañño (Rachokan) Siriwat Srikhruedong Witchuda Titichoatrattana Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 41 53 A MODEL OF BUDDHIST PSYCHOLOGICAL LIFE GOAL SETTING OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT IN BANGKOK https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/248038 <p>The objectives of this dissertation are 1) to study the characteristics of life goal setting of high school students; 2) to analyze and synthesize Buddhist Principles and Psychological Principles on Buddhist psychological life goal setting of high school students; 3) to present a model of Buddhist psychological life goal setting of high school students in Bangkok. The was conducted in the form of a qualitative research using an in-depth interview to collect data from 17 key informants including specialists in Buddhism, psychology, school administrators, teachers, parents, and students, and from a focus group discussion with 9 experts. A content analysis was used for analyzing data, and its results were used for developing the model of Buddhist psychological life goal setting of high school students in Bangkok. Results of the study were as follows: 1) The characteristics of life goal setting of high school students included 2 elements, namely; (1) internal perception factors consisting of education, occupation and personal and social factors; and (2) reinforcing factors consisting of 3 dimensions, namely, parents, teachers, and friends. 2) An analysis and synthesis of Buddhist Principles and Psychological Principles on Buddhist psychological life goal setting of high school students found an integration of Buddhist Principles and Psychological Principles consisting of (1) Itthibat 4 or four bases for success referring to will, effort, thoughtfulness, and reasoning, (2) Atthithansadhama 4 referring to wisdom, being honest, donation, and tranquility; and (3) life meaning, and (4) self-efficacy. And 3) A model of Buddhist psychological life goal setting of high school students in Bangkok consisted of (1) importance of goal setting, (2) goal setting and assessment, (3) attention in possible achievement, (4) reviewing, and (5) time setting. There are 4 forms of knowledge obtained from the study including (1) having life goal of 3 dimensions, (2) realizing a value of goal setting, (3) having life map, and (4) having future pictures.</p> Phrakhrupalad Annop Paññásáro Siriwat Srikhruedong Witchuda Titichoatrattana Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 54 66 THE GUIDELINE FOR INNOVATION LEARNING DEPARFMENT ENTERPRISE 4.0 ERA OF THE PHRAPARIYATTIDHAM SCHOOL https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/250961 <p>The objectives of&nbsp; this research were to study the components of innovative organizations in 4.0 era, and to propose guidelines for the development of innovative organizations in 4.0 era of Phrapariyattidhamma School, Department of General Education. The target group used in this research consisted of 17 experts with experience in educational administration and innovative organizations. The research instrument was interview form. The statistics used in the study were interquartile range and content analysis. Results showed that the components of innovative organizations in 4.0 era of Phrapariyattidhamma School, Department of General Education consisted of&nbsp; 15 key elements: 1) improvement of the innovation organizational structure, 2) the cooperation of vision, mission, and goals of the innovation organization, 3) focus on the importance of people, 4 ) creating motivation for innovation creation, 5) promoting schools as a learning organization, 6) human capital management, (7) corporate culture for promoting innovation, 8) creating an innovation ecosystem in the organization, (9) promotion creativity, (10) innovative leader, (11) effective teamwork, (12) knowledge management, 13) networking, 14) technology promotion, and 15) external factors. The development of innovative organizations in 4.0 era of Phrapariyattidhamma School, General Education Department consisted of 15 elements: 1) an approach to improving the structure of innovative organizations in 4.0 era, 2) guideline of cooperation in creating a vision, mission, goals, strategy of innovative organizations in 4.0 era, 3) guideline for focusing on the importance of personnel, 4) guidelines for creating motivation for innovation creation, 5) guidelines for promoting schools as an innovative learning organization to create innovation, 6) guidelines for human capital management, 7) guidelines for promoting organizational culture to create innovation, 8) guidelines for creating an innovative ecosystem in the organization, 9) guidelines for promoting creativity, 10) Guidelines for promoting innovative leaders, 11) guidelines for promoting effective teamwork, 12) guidelines for knowledge management for school personnel, 13) networking guidelines, 14) guidelines technology promotion, and 15) guidelines for promoting external factors which has shown interquartine range of each element between 0.50 - 1.00.</p> Phra Thong Butdee Sansanee Jasuwan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 67 84 THE PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION FOR EXCELLENCE OF MEDIUM- SIZED ESTABLISHMENTS IN PHRA NAKHON SI AYUTTHAYA PROVINCE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251059 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study the current state of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, 2) to study the principles and theories related to personnel administration for excellence, 3) to propose a method of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. There were 3 steps of research methods, namely Step 1: Study the current state of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises by using questionnaires with 118 managers of medium-sized enterprises in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province. Step 2 studied the principles and theories related to personnel administration for excellence by analyzing the data with content analysis. The third step was to propose a method of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises by using questionnaires to collect opinions from 9 experts. The statistics used to analyze the data were percentage, mean and standard deviation. Results of the research were summarized as follows: 1) the current state of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province in overall was at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was at a high level of practice in all aspects. 2) The principles and theories related to personnel administration for excellence consisted of personnel administration, management, management towards excellence, and assessment, and 3) a method of personnel administration for excellence of medium-sized enterprises in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province found that administration to excellence in 6 aspects, management in 4 areas, personnel administration in 5 areas had the possibilities and usefulness at the highest level.</p> Kobchai Mekdee Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 85 100 READINESS TO IMPLEMENT THE MANAGEMENT POLICY OF THAILAND EDUCATION ECO-SYSTEM (TE2S) OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS UNDER SAMUTPRAKAN PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 2 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/247350 <p>The purposes of this research were 1) study the opinions of the administrators towards the readiness to&nbsp;implement the management policy of Thailand Education Ecosystem (TE2S) of primary schools under Samutprakan Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 2) to compare the level of opinions of administrators the readiness to implement the management policy of Thailand Education Ecosystem&nbsp;(TE2S)&nbsp;of primary schools under Samutprakan Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 which&nbsp;classified by gender, position, school size, and management’s experience.&nbsp;The tools was questionnaires. The sample were 92 administrators. The data analyzed by descriptive statistics T-test and one – way ANOVA. The research results were found as follows 1) The Management opinion level to the&nbsp;Readiness to&nbsp;implement the management policy of Thailand Education Ecosystem&nbsp;(TE2S)&nbsp;of Primary Schools under Samutprakan Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, overall at a high level. The&nbsp;sorting from high to low&nbsp;was the school,&nbsp;teacher, Learning media, student, and the lowest average was the classroom. 2) The comparison of the opinions of the school administrators on the&nbsp;readiness to&nbsp;implement the management policy of Thailand Education Eco-System (TE2S) of Primary Schools under Samutprakan Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, it was found that&nbsp;the opinions of the administrators were classified by gender, position, school size, and management’s experience which were different with no statistical significance.</p> Kanporn Aiemphaya Niwat Noymanee Abhichat Anukulwech Daoprakai Raso Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 101 114 THE PROCESS INNOVATION IN BUDDHIST PSYCHOLOGICAL GUIDANCE FOR STRENGTHENING LEARNING AFFECTIVE FOR STUDENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION OF MAHACHULALONGKORNRAJAVIDYALAYA UNIVERSITY https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/246665 <p>The purposes of this thesis were 1) to study issues and guidance processes of higher education students, 2) to create process innovation in Buddhist Psychology guidance, and 3) to present and results of process innovation in Buddhist Psychology guidance to strengthen educational attitudes of higher education students in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. Quasi-experimental research method was used in 3 parts of data collection: 1)&nbsp; the data collection to study issues and guidance processes of higher education students was used the method of interview in the number of 11 experts,&nbsp; 2) the data collection to create process innovation in Buddhist Psychology guidance used&nbsp; group discussion method in the total 9 persons, and 3) the data collection to present and results of process innovation had 25 experimental samples. This study used data analyses such as frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation. The findings of the study were as follows.&nbsp; 1) Issues and guidance processes of higher education students it found that students did not have knowledge in the field of study, chose the field of study depends on their parents and friends, the number of students decreased, there are not cost of living for studying there. 2) Instructors could not provide ordinary teachings and instruction.&nbsp; The studying and teaching processes and teaching management were not interesting. The number of the counselor was not enough. Guidance process is to help higher education students to have self-immunity in the way of life in views of studying, career, personal and society.&nbsp; Innovation process in Buddhist Psychology guidance to enhance educational attitudes in 3 aspects were to (1) cognitive component such as the importance and objectives of education, (2) affective component such as value, passion, interest and profit of education, and (3) behavioral component such as knowledge, ability, aptitude passion, interest, ambition and good habits in education, and 3) trial results of innovation process in&nbsp; Buddhist Psychology guidance to enhance educational attitudes of higher education students in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University were revealed that before using the innovative guidance of Buddhist psychology at the overall is high level and after using the innovative guidance at the overall is the highest level.</p> Sayyud Mererk Siriwat Srikhruedong Witchuda Titichoatrattana Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 115 130 THE ORGANIZATIONAL HIGH PERFORMANCE DEVELOPMENT MODEL BASED ON BUDDHIST PSYCHOLOGY IN MAHACHULALONGKORNRAJAVIDYALAYA UNIVERSITY https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/250959 <p>The objectives of this research article were (1) to study the high performance organization in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, (2) to improve the organizational high performance development model based on Buddhist Psychology in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, (3) to propose the organizational high performance development model based on Buddhist Psychology in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University. This qualitative research used methods of data collection : 1) document analysis, 2)&nbsp; interview with 11 executives and 17 experts,&nbsp; and 3)&nbsp; focus group with 9 persons.&nbsp; Moreover, this study used content analysis. The findings of the study were 1)&nbsp; the high performance organization of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University had 7 characteristics of objectives that were&nbsp; the University Image of strategic leadership, (2) effective quality management, (3) good governance principles, (4) mission networking with other organization, (5) learning organization, (6) organization with strong distinct corporate culture, (7) using modern technology and communication. 2) The improvement of the organizational high performance development model based on Buddhist Psychology in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University that was the improvement planning to reach 7 high-performance characteristics by the process of personal behavioral development as Buddhist Psychology in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, for example, to set the team goals for work, readiness for word as roles, responsibilities and challenging situations, and motivation for the success of the work as Conbach’s theory.&nbsp;&nbsp; In addition, reinforcing Iddhipada 4 for willingness to work successfully, and creating the characteristics as Brahmavihara 4 for generosity to help each other and Sangghahavatthu 4 for harmony and reconciliation in organization. Moreover, 3) the organizational high performance development model based on Buddhist Psychology in Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University was composed of 3 processes : 1) to set objectives,&nbsp; set objectives, guidelines of&nbsp; development planning for being 7 high performance characteristic organization, 2) to create the process of personal behavioral development as Buddhist Psychology and (3) to work together as development planning for being high-performance organization based on 7 characteristic aspects according to MCU HPO model.</p> Mananchanok Muangngern Siriwat Srikhruedong Witchuda Titichoatrattana Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 131 145 MODEL KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT STEM EDUCATION FOR ELEMENTARY EDUCATION TRAT PRIMARY EDUCATION SERVICE AREA OFFICE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251100 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study the condition and guidelines for the implementation of STEM education management, 2) to develop knowledge management model of STEM education, and 3) to examine and evaluate knowledge management model of STEM education for elementary education Trat Primary Education Service Area Office. There were 3 steps of research methods. Step 1 was to study condition for the implementation of STEM education management by using questionnaires with a sample of 226 people, and studied guidelines of knowledge management in STEM education with a group of 7 key informants using interview. Step 2 was to develop the model by using in-depth interviews with 5 experts. Step 3 was to examine and evaluate the model by using an assessment form with a sample of 226 people. The statistics used to analyze the data were percentage, mean and standard deviation. Results of the research were as follows: 1) condition and guidelines for knowledge management of STEM education for elementary education in overall was at a high level of practice. When considering each aspect, it found that the practice was at a high level in all aspects, including supervision and monitoring of operations at the educational area level, development of teachers and related personnel establishing support systems and strengthening operations, and raising awareness. 2) Knowledge management model of STEM education for elementary education consisted of 3 components: Component 1 was knowledge management of STEM Education with 28 Indicators; Component 2 was process for knowledge management of STEM Education with 6 indicators; Component 3 STEM learning management with 6 indicators. 3) Results of the experiment and assessment for knowledge management model of STEM education for elementary level, Trat Primary Education Service Area Office found that results of the feasibility assessment and usefulness in bringing the pattern to be used in the overall possible and usefulness at the highest level. When considering each aspect, it found that every aspect was feasible and the usefulness was at the highest level.</p> Songwut Dachmala Narong Pimsarn Nakamon Punchakhetthikul Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 146 161 CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN THAI HOTEL BUSINESS https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249408 <p>The purpose of this research was to 1) to study the crisis management of Thai hotel business 2) to study the problems and obstacles to the crisis management of Thai hotel business. It was a qualitative research study. Data information was collected from key informants obtained from purposive random sampling from knowledgeable persons consisted of the expertise and experience involvement in hotel business, including hotel owners / the hotel staffs of large, medium, small, executive officer of Tourism Authority of Thailand, president of&nbsp; Thai Hotels Association, executives from the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, totaling 18 key informants. The results showed that the crisis management in Thai hotel business in human resource management by adjusting work plans to prevent disease outbreaks in the organization and reduce costs. Communication in crisis must be aligned, to build understanding and confidence among all parties involved. Post-crisis communication was a marketing communication to create a new image for the organization. Measures and tools for crisis management such as : 1) Reducing costs by applying technology and innovation in service and operation 2) Providing services to international standards 3) Using various marketing strategies up reduction of impacts when a crisis arised by implementing a crisis management plan immediately. Response to the crisis by (1) the government should have measures and guidelines to help. (2) the hotel sector had to implement a management plan by improving the structure and work processes. Recovery after the crisis in the hotel had to adjust its business to be in line with the new normal way.&nbsp; The problems and obstacles were (1) to decrease in accommodation of tourists (2) the domestic tourists did not increase hotel income (3) lock-down measures caused to the operations (4) the public measures to help business were not effective (5) the reduce of people's purchasing power (6) the hotel businesses were increasing costs to be safety (7) the large organizations were harder and slower than smaller ones (8) hotel businesses had no planning to prepare the crisis in advance.</p> Suchart Uthaiwat Kamolporn Kalyanamitra Satit Niyomyaht Tassanee Lakkanapichonchat Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 162 178 INFORMATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT OF NAKHON NAYOK’S OTOP TOURIST https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249014 <p>This research paper aims to study the design and development of information systems for developing the potential of the OTOP tourism community in Nawatwithi, Nakhon Nayok Province. User satisfaction assessment of the website a study comparing the satisfaction of the website and suggestions for website development by collecting information from the documents of the Planning Division Department of Community Development, Nakhon Nayok Provincial Community Development Office Study the main content of the website. Website design And a questionnaire was used with a sample of 500 people, including Community leaders, business, government, academia and Thai tourists in Nakhon Nayok tourist destinations are Ban Nern Saad and Ban Thung Skirt Ban Nong Hua Ling Nai Ban House Ban Huamon Klong 15 and Ban Kut Rang The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test and F-test (One-way ANOVA) The findings indicated that. 1) Main content of the website And the organization of the system to obtain the tourism information structure OTOP Nawatwithi Nakhon Nayok Province consists of 1.1 information on tourist attractions, OTOP products, highlights of the community. Travel routes, check-in points, educational resources of each community Nakhon Nayok Province Homestay, local food, art, culture, traditions, OTOP products, activity pictures and contact channels for details About the OTOP Nawatwithi Tourism Community, Nakhon Nayok Province 1.2 website design, including (1) design of the home page (Homepage), the homepage of the website Linked from the home page of the OTOP Nawatwithi Tourism Community Village in Nakhon Nayok Province. 2) Satisfaction on the website Overall is at a high level. 3) The website's satisfaction comparison was classified by gender, age, education level. And the frequency of accessing the website has no different opinions. When comparing each side, there is no difference. 4) Suggestions are (1) adding information on tourist attractions, restaurants, hotels, accommodation, and travel to be updated (2) Creating interaction with tourists. (Interactive) via online chat (Live Chat) (3) Change all web pages to a second language.</p> Kanokpit Vichayaworanan Rungruang Musiri Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 179 195 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CREATIVE LEADERSHIPS AND THE PROMOTING FOR EXCELLENT ENERGY SCHOOLS UNDER BANGKOK PRIMARY EDUCATION SERVICE AREA OFFICE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/246685 <p>The objectives of this research were: 1) to study the creative leaderships level of school administrators 2) to study the level of promotion educational for Excellent energy schools of administrators 3) to study of the relationships between creative leaderships and the promoting for excellent energy schools and 4) to guidelines for promotion educational for Excellent energy schools under Bangkok Primary education service area Office. The sample groups were 214 teachers on duty. Informants are school administrators and 8 teachers responsible for the Green Classroom Project by selecting a specific. The research instruments were questionnaire about creative leaderships The statistics used for analyzing the data included percentage, means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, and simple regression analysis. The research were found as follows: 1) The level of the creative leaderships of the administrators in school under Bangkok Primary education service area Office was at a much level in overall and each aspect. Having considered each aspect, it was found that the highest mean is Vision and the Next on down is adaptability and creative. 2) the level of promotion educational for Excellent energy schools of administrators was at a much level in overall and each aspect. 3) the relationship between creative leaderships and the promoting for excellent energy schools that most of the positive relationship under Bangkok Primary education service area Office. 4) guidelines for promotion educational for Excellent energy schools such as administrators must study the information continuously. To be a model for change in time, raising awareness to all personnel in the educational institution build morale and morale especially in the area of energy and environmental conservation.</p> Jittinan Polsen Sopana Sudsomboon Saritpong Limpisathian Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 196 209 BEST PRACTICES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ATTENDED CHILDREN OF THE BOARD OF EDUCATION SCHOOLS, DUSIT DISTRICT, BANGKOK https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/250960 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study best practices for inclusive education administration in schools at the current educational level, 2) to study the level of inclusive education administration in schools under office of the Private Education Commission, and 3) to propose best practices for inclusive education administration in schools under Office of the Private Education Commission, Dusit District, Bangkok. Mixed methods research was used and consisted of qualitative research using interviews with 9 key informants. Data were analyzed by content analysis. In quantitative research, a questionnaire was used for collecting 297 administrators and teachers. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics consisted of frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The results of the research were as follows: 1) best practices for inclusive education administration in schools at the current educational level consisted of 4 main common learning management principles which were students, environment, teaching and learning activities, and tools. 2) The level of inclusive education administration in schools under office of the Private Education Commission, Dusit District, Bangkok in overall level was at a high level, and each aspect was at a high level in all aspects, namely tools, activities, environment, and students. 3) Best practices for inclusive education administration in schools under Office of the Private Education Commission in all 4 areas which were (1) students, understanding their special needs of special child and be able to help and treat children with special needs properly, (2) Environment, classroom table arrangements to suit the characteristics of special children and improve the classroom to suit the environment, (3) teaching and learning activities, reporting on the progress of special children according to individual teaching plans and individual education plans, and (4) tools for personnel development in schools in relation to providing adequate and quality education for special children.</p> Jitapron Kaewprom Sansanee Jasuwan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 210 222 EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION: A CASE STUDY OF MILITARY OPERATION FOR DISASTER MITIGATION https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249412 <p>The purpose of this research was 1) to study the effectiveness of policy implementation: case study of military for disaster relief; 2) to study problems, obstacles, and effectiveness of policy implementation: case study of military operations for disaster mitigation. It was a qualitative research study by in-depth interview. Key informants were ministry executives at policy level, senior management, middle management, academic level officer, president of the Subdistrict Administrative Organization totaling18 disaster prevention and mitigation officers. The results of the research were as follows: 1) Policy in all governments, the past always had a policy on disaster mitigation and rehabilitation for people affected by disasters in all situations and in all forms. In that policy, the military had been designated as an agency responsible for providing support in the field of military resources. 2) Military competence in personnel, knowledge and equipment, the military was considered an organization capable of dealing with various threats, a wide variety of talents because they had been trained and had expertise and specializations.&nbsp; 3) disaster mitigation by the military in collaboration with the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, and other departments related to perform their duties to provide assistance to mitigate disasters that occured in various areas in Thailand. 4) Humanitarian assistance by the military had placed great importance on humanitarian aid, both domestic assistance and abroad. 5) As a linker in various disaster mitigation actions, the military had focused on integrate, support and coordinate cooperation for the best interests of people. 6) Effectiveness of policy implementation: case study of military operations for disaster mitigation in the field of being a collaborator which the military had worked with various departments to alleviate the disaster and help the affected people continuous.&nbsp; 7) The promotion of public relations, the military conducted public relations through various media to (1) warn (2) report incidents (3) advise on various actions 4) educate and create understanding. 8) Problems and obstacles were (1) management (2) personnel (3) military equipment (4) budget.</p> Pratchaya Hamthaisong Kamolporn Kalyanamitra Satit Niyomyaht Tassanee Lakkanapichonchat Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 223 239 ADMINISTRATIVE SKILLS AFFECTING BASIC SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION. TAWARAVADI GROUP BANGKOK PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/250962 <p>The purposes of this research article were 1) to study skills of administrator in basic school administration Tawaravadi group Bangkok Primary Educational Service Area Office, 2) to study the condition of basic school administration Tawaravadi Group Bangkok Primary Educational Service Area Office, 3) to study skills of administrator affecting basic school administration Tawaravadi group Bangkok Primary Educational Service Area Office. It is a survey research, and the research tool was a questionnaire. Data were collected from 300 samples. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics consisted of percentage, mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis.The research results were found that 1) skills of administrator in basic school administration in overall was at a high level, and each aspect was at a high level in all areas consisted of conceptual skills, cognitive skills, educational and teaching skills, technical skills, and human skills. 2) The condition of basic school administration in&nbsp; overall was at a high level and each aspect was at a high level in all aspects, namely human resource administration, general administration, academic administration, budget administration. 3) skills of administrator affecting basic school administration were total 5 independent variables, with human skills, technical skills, conceptual skills, cognitive skills, and thinking did not affect to basic school administration. For educational and teaching skills affected to basic school administration. The most productive areas were educational and teaching skills, conceptual skills, human skills, cognitive skills, thinking and technical skills respectively with the multiple correlation coefficient (R) of 0.210 and can explain the correlation 4.4% which can be substituted in the forecasting equation.</p> Phisutsak Kulsan Sansanee Jasuwan Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 240 253 THE DEVELOPMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS SUBJECT FOR PROMOTING THE STUDENTS’ CREATIVE THINKING BY FOLLOWING GUILFORD’S STRUCTURE OF INTELLECT MODEL FOR MATTHAYOMSUKSA 6 STUDENTS AT SARAWITTAYA SCHOOL https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/246037 <p>The objectives of this research were to develop home economics subject for promoting the students’ creative thinking by following Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model and to study the results of using the developed home economics lessons in the points of promoting the students’ creative thinking, home economics achievement and the students’ opinions toward studying the developed home economics lessons.&nbsp;This research is quasi-experimental design. The samples of this research were 41 students of Matthayomsuksa 6 at Sarawittaya School in the first semester of the academic year 2020 by using the cluster random sampling. The research tools consisted of 4 units of lesson plan, creative thinking skill assessment form in every single unit lesson, the paper test for assessing the students’ creative thinking, and the questionnaire for gaining the students’ opinions toward studying with the developed home economics lesson plans. The duration of the experiment was for 20 hours. The data were analyzed by using percentage, mean, and standard deviation analysis.&nbsp;The research result showed that: 1) The home economics subject for promoting the students’ creative thinking by following Guilford's Structure of Intellect Model included course description, course structure and 4 unit plans which promoted the students’ creative thinking skills in 3 dimensions including with flexibility, elaboration, and originality. 2) All students achieved the assessment of creative thinking skill over 70 percent. There are 28 students approached the high score for 80 percent or 68.29 percent, but there are 13 students did not pass or 31.71 percent. The overall of students’ opinions toward the home economics subjects for promoting the students’ creative thinking by following Guilford’s Structure of Intellect Model reached the most level.</p> Weenudda Keawtho Wiparat Sangchan Pongsatorn Mahavijit Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 254 267 A STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION AND EFFECTIVENESS OF THE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE OFFICE OF SAMUT PRAKAN PRIMARY EDUCATIONAL SERVICE AREA OFFICE 1 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251136 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study the school administration, 2) to study the effectiveness of school administration, 3) to analyze the correlation of the school administration and the effectiveness of school administration under Samut Prakan Primary Education Service Area Office 1. Quantitative research was conducted, and the sample group used was 159 school administrators and teachers using simple random sampling. The instrument used for data collection was 5-points rating scale questionnaire with a reliability of 0.87. The statistics used for data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results of the research were summarized as follows: 1) The school administration of schools under Samut Prakan Primary Education Service Area Office 1 in overall showed at a high level, and each aspect was at a high level in every aspect, namely academic administration, budget administration, personnel administration, and general administration. 2) Effectiveness of schools under Samut Prakan Primary Education Service Area Office 1 in overall was at a high level and each aspect was at a high level in all aspects, namely teacher's job satisfaction, efficient resource allocation, the ability to adapt to the environment. 3) The correlation between school administration and effectiveness of school administration under the Education Service Area Office. Overall, there was a high correlation (r = 0.76) with a statistical significance at the .01 level, which was consistent with the third hypothesis. When considering each pair, the pair with the highest correlation (r = -0.78) was general administration (X4) and environmental adaptation (Y3). The pair with the lowest correlation was personnel administration (X1) and environmental adaptation (Y3) (r = -0.31).</p> Anankan Angkhuranawin Trirat Sittitune Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 268 280 THE STRATEGIES OF SUSTAINABLE DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT IN PHRANAKHON SI AYUTTHAYA PROVINCE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251070 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study the current situation of tourist destination in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province, 2) to study the principles of filling in the Sustainable Development Goals, 3) to study the sustainable tourism practices for tourist sites, 4) to formulate a strategy of sustainable tourist destination development. Mixed methods research that combines methods with quantitative research and qualitative research was conducted. The population and sample used in this research were stakeholders from 23 in tourist sites in Ayutthaya province, and purposive sampling was used. The research tools were survey form, in-depth interview form, questionnaires, and strategic assessment from. Qualitative data was analyzed by content analysis. The quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics such as percentage, frequency, mean and standard deviation. Results of the research were summarized as follows: 1) the current situation of tourist destination in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province were (1) external environmental factors showed in overall at moderate level, and (2) internal environmental factors showed in overall was at a moderate level. 2) Principles for filling in the Sustainable Development Goals showed in overall at a high level, namely, cooperation for sustainable development at the highest level. For the economy and wealth Social and human dignity and the environment and nature were at high levels. 3) The sustainable tourism practices for tourist sites showed that in overall at a high level, namely the aspect of increasing economic benefits to the community, enhancing benefits to the environment and an overview of sustainability management at a high level. For adding benefits to the community tourists and cultural heritage was at moderate level. 4) A strategy of sustainable tourist destination development in Ayutthaya Province consisted of 5 main strategies, which were 1) core strategy for the new transformation concept, 2) core strategy for the engagement concept, 3) core strategy for the main sustainable management concept, 4 ) core strategy for integration concepts, 5) core strategy for moral and ethical concepts.</p> Kobchai Mekdee Suraphong Watcharajit Sarin Khuntiwattanakul Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 281 300 QUALITY AND WAY OF LIFE OF THE ELDERLY IN NAKHON RATCHASIMA PROVINCE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249409 <p>The purpose of this research was to 1) to study the quality and way of life of the elderly in Nakhon Ratchasima Province 2) to study the problems and obstacles in the quality and way of life of the elderly in Nakhon Ratchasima. This research was a qualitative research. This research was studied by key informants selected from purposive random sampling from 19 key informants involved with the elderly in Nakhon Ratchasima province, consisted of the management of health promoting hospital, the executive of the division of public health and environment community, the professional nurses, a social developer bureau of promotion and protection of the Elderly, the community developer in public health office, the public health administrators of&nbsp; local administrative organization, and the elderly in Nakhon Ratchasima province.&nbsp; Data collection was collected by in-depth interview. The results found that: 1) The physical aspects of the elderly exercised on a daily basis while some exercise intermittently due to unhealthy physical health. Otherwise, the place of exercise was not conducive and no suitable equipment. The disease of the elderly were diabetes, high blood pressure, and disease caused by deterioration of the body. 2) Psychological aspect : the elderly who did not have children take care of having more psychological problems that come from the deterioration of the body, unable to work for a living, poverty, debt,&nbsp; neglected children disrespect, feeling of anxiety, feelings of loneliness, feelings of worthlessness, feeling of lowliness until some cause subsequent depression. 3) Social aspect: the elderly did not realize the importance of doing social activities because they did not joining. The grandchildren was not easy to bring to join because they had to work, had to raise the grandchildren, to live alone, and poor physical health. 4) Spiritual and human values with religion as an anchor as for the value of being that person helping out with housework, working for the family respect from the children, visiting of relatives made the elderly happy and felt their appreciation. 5) Safety in life and property : There was a promotion of life and property safety for the elderly in the community, such as providing the health staff of the district health promotion hospital to visit and the elderly at home organizing cleaning activities in the community area. 6) Environment by relevant departments : There was a project to adjust the living environment for the elderly, organizing a project to adjust the living environment for the elderly subacute patients and those with dependence. 7) Problems and obstacles : (1) Most of the elderly did not study, causing lack of knowledge and understanding of health care (2) Budget problems for promoting health of the elderly were limited (3) Problems Communication and networking in the area were still inefficient (4) Problems when sick, did not go to see a doctor, but buy medicine for themselves (5) The number of staff involved in caring for the elderly was limited, so services could not be made in all areas. (6) Some of the elderly did not have children to take care of, thus they had to live alone.</p> Vorapon Kongsivaphisit Kamolporn Kalyanamitra Satit Niyomyaht Tassanee Lakkanapichonchat Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 301 316 A STUDY OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE TREATMENT OF MODERN MEDICINE AND THAT OF THAI TRADITIONAL MEDICINE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/245919 <p>The purposes of this research were to compare the differences on its definitions, symptom, causes and treatment principles between modern medicine and Thai Traditional Medicine that is a qualitative research by document analysis and focus group discussion. The results showed that Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in modern medicine is a condition in which gastric contents flow up into the esophagus, causing irritation. There is a burning sensation on the top of the chest and belching due to erectile dysfunction of the esophageal sphincter. This causes the sphincter not to close completely, causing the gastric juice in the stomach to flow up to the esophagus. In principle, the treatment focuses on reducing stomach acid by taking antacid drugs. A sphincter repair surgery uses radiotherapy to tighten the sphincter. Its definitions and symptoms are close to these of Krasaiton disease in Thai traditional medicine. They differ only in explaining the causes and principles of treatment because Thai traditional medicine believes that it is caused by exacerbation of wind pushing the upper sphincter of the stomach open causing gastric juice to flow back into the esophagus. Therefore, the principles of drug therapy that contain hot flavored drugs properties help to dissolve the wind and astringent or bitter medicine properties help quench hot poison and heal wounds. The benefits of this research have been known of Thai traditional medical diseases clearly academic and can be used in teaching and learning processes to create potential graduates of Thai traditional medicine as well as being able to be an alternative to providing health care for people.</p> Pornnipa Sitthisradoo Wanisa Punfa Yingyong Taoprasert Chainarin Ruancharoen Phakamas Kamsuae Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 317 327 THE COMPETENCIES OF BASIC EDUCATION SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS UNDER THE OFFICE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION SERVICE AREA, SAMUTPRAKARN DISTRICT 1 https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/251135 <p>The objectives of this research paper were 1) to study the competencies of the basic education school administrators, and 2) to suggest guidelines for the development of the competencies of the basic education school administrators under the primary education service area office, Samutprakarn District 1. There were 2 research steps: 1) Competency studies by using quantitative research and collected by questionnaires from 63 school administrators, and data were analyzed by percentage, mean, and standard deviation, and 2) suggesting guidance on competency development by using qualitative research to interview 5 experts, and data were analyzed by content analysis.&nbsp; Results of the research were as follows: 1) the competencies of the basic education school administrators in overall was at a high level in practices. When considering each aspect, it was found that it was at a high level in practices in all 12 aspects. 2) Guidelines for the development of the competencies of the basic education school administrators under the primary education service area office, Samutprakarn District 1 consisted of (1) the determination of achievement by organizing the information system in systematically, (2) accumulating professional expertise with self-development at all times, 3) Strategic management by formulating a clear development plan,&nbsp; (4) academic leadership by developing knowledge of academic administration, (5) ethics, adhering to correctness, acting with integrity, managing according to principles Governance, (6) problem solving and decision making by practicing correct problem solving skills and techniques, (7) leadership of change by applying change to educational institutions, (8) teamwork with participatory management, (9) educational technology management with the use of technology in teaching and learning, (10) evaluation and monitoring of educational results by learning the principles of monitoring and evaluation systematically, (11) having communication and motivational skills through learning psychological techniques of work, and (12) having good service skills with appropriate service mind.</p> Nawin Pinitapirak Trirat Sittitune Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 328 342 THE STUDY OF TREATMENT MODEL FOR LUEADLOMPRAEPRUN IN THE ELDERLY BY MANUS THERAPEUTIC https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/245925 <p>The objective of this study is to develop a treatment model for Lueadlompraeprunin the elderly by Manus therapeutic. It is a documentary research processing from documents, textbooks and research related to Lueadlompraeprun in Thai traditional medicine (TTM). These were used as develop treatment models of Lueadlompraeprun in the elderly. The results showed that Lueadlompraeprun was the symptoms occured in the elderly. This caused from blood and wind circulation disorder owing to aging. The vital encouraging factor was a climate change before raining, this lead to heavy sensation in the body, dizziness and sweating which can be treated with Thai Traditional Medicine by Manus therapeutic to activate blood and wind circulation through Kalatharee lines covered legs, arms, back, shoulders, neck, head and abdomen. The treatment model is two Thai traditional medical doctors applied Manus therapeutic with left and right diagonal directions, based on 3 steps of treatment, namely; 1) muscle preparation before treatment 2) specific treatment with related lines and points on the body and 3) muscle rehabilitation after treatment. In conclusion, treatment model for Lueadlompraeprun in the elderly by Manus therapeutic was able to use in learning and teaching TTM students in order to knowledge and skills for the elderly treatment.</p> Kannika Nanta Siwapong Tansuwanwong Yingyong Taoprasert Siripuk Chansangsa Thitirat Chaichana Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 343 350 THAI CUSTOM SERVICE STANDARDS 4.0 ERA POLICY IMPLEMENTATION https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249410 <p>The purpose of this research was to 1) to study the Thai Customs Service Standards 4.0 Era policy implementation; 2) to study the problems and obstacles of Thai Customs Service Standards 4.0 Era policy implementation. This research was a qualitative. The method for collecting data used by 18 key informants obtained from purposive random sampling who were the persons with knowledge and involvement with the Customs Department, including the policy-level executives of the Customs Department, the operational personnel /officers of the Customs Department, Customs officer, Public service recipient Stakeholders Private companies / entrepreneurs related government agencies importer-exporter representative, ship-export customer service personnel. The tools used a structured interview. The results found that: 1) The adjustment of roles, missions and modes of operation by making appropriate rules regulations, optimize work processes, reduce processes, reduce time and costs. Decentralize decision-making focus was on being proactive, divide the work to the private sector to carry out tasks that were not necessary. 2) The adoption of electronic systems and digital technology by planning and setting directions for adoption. The electronic systems and digital technologies using had to be in line with the service standards policy, namely to increase efficiency, and service performance Improve the procedures and the duration of work. 3) Establishing cooperation between government and foreign sectors by integrating cooperation with relevant agencies, to create a collaborative framework. There was an exchange of opinions and solving problems together. 4) Credibility by reducing the use of staff's discretion, organize a training on morality, performance ethics for personnel to apply the principles of good governance to the organization.&nbsp; 5) Ability to respond to change by improving vision, mission and work processes, it was proactive, to apply innovation and modern technology to develop working systems and methods. 6) To create a seamless bureaucracy b using information technology to connect various information within the organization and between organizations.&nbsp; 7) Problems and obstacles were personnel to lack of knowledge, operational skills, rules and regulations Inconsistent with performance inappropriate, organizational structure and culture to lack of flexibility.&nbsp; There was corruption of the staff in the operation.</p> Charnrit Taeng-On Kamolporn Kalyanamitra Satit Niyomyaht Tassanee Lakkanapichonchat Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 351 364 A STUDY OF THE USE OF ESSENTIAL OIL DISTILLATION MACHINE FOR OIL-BASED PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTION OF THAI TRADITIONAL MEDICINE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/246186 <p>The objective of this documentary research article was to determine the principle, operations, and maintenance of essential oil distillation machine. Related literature review from documents, textbooks and research related to Thai pharmaceuticals, modern technology for drug production, and relevant scientific knowledge was undertaken. The results showed that method for making oil drug according to the principles of Thai pharmaceuticals began with the preparation of ingredients to form oil or essential oil through the methods of cooking, fry, stew and distillation. Whereas the preparation of essential oil according to the principles of science was done by distillation. The principle was based on the differences between the properties of substances boiling points to evaporate and condense into a liquid mixture. Therefore, benchmarking the industrial productions of Thai medicine, the R and D for the essential oil forming production on was needed through the modern tools and technology that is an essential oil distillation machine. The principle of operation was to boil the water into steam with electric heaters allowing steam pass through the herbs. The essential oil was released with steam through a cooled condenser and condensed into a liquid mixture. Essential oil floated on the top of the water surface and only the essential oil was collected. The operation was to add water then put the herbs into the grate inside the machine with the closed lid and turned on the system by setting the temperature. Once the steam began to evaporate, turned on the chilled water pumping system into the condenser to start the distillation process. The maintenance of machine focused on cleaning before and after using to prevent contamination and beware of heat and pressure from the machine. To prevent contamination when entering production areas the practitioner had to wear workshop clothes and did not contact with drugs and products without wearing protective equipment.</p> Taweesak Leekeawsai Wanisa Punfa Yingyong Taoprasert Manthana Kham-ai Teeranan Tananchai Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 365 374 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/249266 <p>This article aims to present the professional development of educational institution administrators. To build knowledge and understanding of the professional development of educational institution administrators, providing a wide range of competencies and the skills and knowledge of the world in the&nbsp;21st&nbsp;century,&nbsp;human resource development is the most important factor in the development of the country.&nbsp;The quality of education therefore reflects the quality of the people who are the product of education management. Major aims of education&nbsp;Focus on the systematic and continuous improvement of the quality of the person throughout their life.&nbsp;To support the changing of the world, so educational professionals&nbsp;It is the person who will provide education and learning process for the youth, so there must be a continuous self-development process as well.&nbsp;In order to increase knowledge and skills&nbsp;And good attitudes for continuing professional practice&nbsp;And use it in job development until creating a knowledge-accumulated working culture&nbsp;This is to raise the quality of oneself to be able to work professionally.&nbsp;For the existence of the profession&nbsp;Have career advancement&nbsp;Be honored and honored&nbsp;It is an accumulation of professional development activities for the renewal of licenses.&nbsp;And meet the needs of educational institutions&nbsp;Able to provide quality education according to educational standards and achieve the goals of the agency or governing body.&nbsp;With quality educational institution administrators&nbsp;Has the characteristics of Thai people&nbsp;4.0That can create stability, wealth, and sustainability for a country that has three characteristics: knowledge, contributors&nbsp;And a strong citizen.</p> Ranee Jeansuti Hataipat Jeansuti SiriKarn Tanawutpornpinit Phramha Siriwattana Siriwatcharaworakun Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 375 389 THE EFFECTIVENESS ENHANCEMENT IN PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ACCORDING TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/244900 <p>The Effectiveness Enhancement in Personnel Development of Elementary schools According to The Philosophy of Sufficiency Economy. Its objectives are to develop personnel to have knowledge and understanding of the philosophy of sufficiency economy and to apply the philosophy of sufficiency economy to management, learning management in school to achieve a holistic integration in development, consists of 4 activities ; 1) planning, staffing and placement, 2) Living according to the philosophy of sufficiency economy, 3) Building knowledge and understanding of the philosophy of sufficiency economy, and 4) Preparation for educational management according to the philosophical approach of sufficiency economy. The Personnel Development within the school. Both administrators, teachers and school directors. It's a process to get the right people to understanding the philosophy of sufficiency economy. Be ready to implement the management system within educational institutions and educational management including guidelines. The Living according to the philosophy of sufficiency economy. This resulted in the effectiveness of the primary school administration to achieve the goals.</p> Parada Hahantaen Wanpen Nantasri Pornthep Steannoppakao Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 390 397 THE TEACHERS’ SPIRIT IN 21ST CENTURY https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/247005 <p>The teacher is an important person which create the learner’s quality. In the past there was a research to develop the teachers to be the quality of academic in teaching and learning process. The teacher who has a dedication is the spiritual teacher. The ideas to create the teachers’ spirit has been accepted which has activities to honor the teachers’ spirit. Now the world is the globalization with the 21<sup>st </sup>century, therefore the technology is important for everyone's life. In the past a concept of being a spiritual teacher focused on being knowledgeable, academic ability, good teaching, and voluntary commitment. However the teachers in the 21<sup>st </sup>century need to be knowledgeable and able to use technology to assist in teaching and learning process. Therefore the teacher to being the teachers’ spirit in the 21<sup>st </sup>century retains consisted of the teachers’ spirit same as the past together with additional changes in teaching and learning styles and using technology. The success and the quality in teaching and learning management must have accept the change.</p> Kanporn Aiemphaya Niwat Noymanee Abhichat Anukulwech Daoprakai Raso Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 398 409 COVID-19: CHANGE IN THE THAI LANGUAGE https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/EDMCU/article/view/250997 <p>The objective of this article is to investigate the change in Thai language in the period of Covid-19 pandemic. The data were collected from the daily press release of the Covid-19 Situation Administration Center concerning duty performance of the public health personnel and the spread of Covid-19 from April 2020 to May 2021. The results of the study were found that technical terms and jagons in English were brought to mix with Thai words in the form of compound words or hybrid words in order to create new words with new meanings. Although the English words were used in mixing with Thai words, but they were pronounced in Thai accents. In a linguistic perspective, it would be beneficial to the application of new formative words in daily-life communication.</p> Saneh Dechawongse Phramaha Wirote Nyanaviro Phramaha Samak Mahaviro Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Educational Review Faculty of Education in MCU https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-08-21 2021-08-21 8 2 410 420