The Validation of Online Learning Environments for Enhancing Mental Model of Programming

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Non Jarungsirawat
อิศรา ก้านจักร


This research proposes to validate Online Learning Environments Model. The research design is model research Phase II about Model validation composed of internal validation and external validation. The results are collected both in quantitative and qualitative data. The data are analyzed and summarized by synthesizing the protocol, interpretating summaries and descriptive statistics. The outcomes of the study proved that 1) the model has internal validity in the learning contents, the media, and the design of the model. The model holds all seven components whose quality is consistent with the synthesis of a theoretical framework and conceptual framework for designing and developing the online learning environments model. 2) the external validity of this model is confirmed by the impact of the learning paradigm on students. The Mental Model of Programming shows that the students were able to create knowledge representation and understanding the programming. Students who learned with Online Learning Environments Model had the post-test average scores of 24.9 (S.D. = 0.99) or 83.0 % which is higher than the criteria of 70 per cent. The students’ opinion towards Online Learning Environments Model showed that the learning contents, the media, and the design are suitable and supported to enhance the Mental Model of Programming.


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