The Testing of Nama (Mind) – Rupa (Body) Hypothesis in Second Language Acquisition


  • Pattama Yimsakul English as a Global Language Program, Burapha University
  • Punwalai Kewara Teaching English as a Global Language Program, Burapha University
  • Chalong Tubsree Burapha University


Nama – Rupa Hypothesis, second language acquisition, Guided Meditative Techniques of Teaching


This research investigated the effect of Buddhist meditation hypothesis: Nama (mind) – Rupa (body) Hypothesis (NRH) in second language acquisition on students’ academic performance and opinions. An experimental group and a control group were students who enrolled for the subject of English Language for (Thai) Student Teachers in the second semester of academic year 2017 at a Rajabhat University in Bangkok, selected through simple random sampling technique, and each group had 18 members. The instruments used in this research were the pre-test, post-test, and the survey for the students’ opinion. The result showed that meditation practice had positive impact on the student’s ability to learn language at the statistical significant level of 0.01 and the overall opinion of the students in practicing meditation prior to English lesson was high.


Download data is not yet available.


Brudhiprabha, P. (1996). An experiment on learning to speak English through “Question-Answer” method: A limited study. Bangkok: Pundit Book.

Chuangchit, C. (2015). The study of mindfulness meditation in Theravada Buddhism. Doctor’s dissertation in Buddhist Studies. Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Faculty of the Graduate School.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. (4 th ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dechakraisaya et al. (1985). Meditation effect on learning achievement. Journal of Educational Research. 18 (3), pp. 98-104.

Hatch, E. M., & Farhady, H. (1982). Research design and statistics for applied linguistics. Rowley, Mass: Newbury House.

Jubjit, P. (1991). The study of the effect of concentration before starting school with learning achievement in Science, science attitude, science process skills and persistence in learning of secondary school students who have been taught by Buddhist methods noble truths along the divine stage(Master’s thesis). Srinakarinwirot University.

Lueangon, T. (2004). The effects of rational emotive behavior therapy in group counseling and Anapanasati Meditation training on a development of Chanda (Buddhist intrinsic motivation) in learning of Matthayomsuksa 4 students. Master’s thesis in Counseling Psychology. Burapha University.

Madee, V. (1990). The Effects of meditation practice before learning on achievement in social studies. Master’s thesis in Secondary Education. Srinakharinwirot University.

Saita, P. (2010). Perception skills of young children meditated before group activities. Master’s thesis in Early Childhood Education. Srinakharinwirot University.

Tanprasert, S. (2004). An experimental study to examine the effects of Khun Mae Siri Karinchai’s programmed insight meditation training on self-awareness aspect of emotional intelligence of nurse students with introversion and extroversion traits. Master’s Thesis in Developmental Psychology. Srinakarintarawirot University.

Waters, L., Barsky, A., Ridd, A., & Allen, Kelly-Ann. (2014). Contemplative Education: A systematic, evidence-based review of the effect of meditation interventions in schools. Journal of Educational Psychology Review. 27. pp. 103–134.