# The Causal Factors Influencing Mathematics Learning Strand of Prathomsueksa 5 Students in Si Sa Ket

## Abstract

Achievement was the result of the teaching processes with many variables
involved in learning and those variables that influence achievement in the was study.
The purpose was to study the causal factors that influence the achievement of learning
mathematics of Prathomsueksa 5 students in Si sa ket. and to construct and develop a
model of causal factors achievement of learning mathematics of Prathomsueksa 5
students in Si sa ket. Study was divided into two steps; The first step was to determine
achievement form as hypothesis was form brought from the study of theories and related
research. The second step, was to test the validity of the hypothesis was form and then
improve it to be completed model. The sample used to collect data to test the validity
of the model was 600 Prathomsueksa 5 students in the second semester of the academic
year 2011 who were selected by cluster random sampling. There are five dependent
variables; background knowledge, aptitude, teaching behavior of teachers, attention of
parents and emotional intelligence. The independent variables was achievement of
mathematics. Researching tools used in data collection are two types of tests, the choice
option of 4, 30 and the third edition is the first test of mathematics achievement, the
difficulty, from 0.38 to 0.74. The discrimination powers from 0.24 to 0.53 and reliability of
0.88. The second is a test of the knowledge background, the difficulty, from 0.47 to 0.72.
The discrimination powers and from 0.24 to 0.91 to 0.97 as the reliability of the three is
learning aptitude test. The difficulty, from 0.61 to 0.77, the discriminative power from 0.24
to 0.48 and the reliability of the entire scale was 0.76. The factors influencing mathematics
achievement, type scale with five 3 at 60.The discriminative power from 0.20 to 0.68 and
the reliability of the scale was 0.83 and the data analysis using Pearson correlation
analysis. Multiple correlation analysis. And root cause analysis (Path Analysis). The results
were as follows.
1. 5 factors affecting on achievement of learning mathematics of
Prathomsueksa 5 students in Si sa ket Province are; 1) background knowledge 2) Aptitude
3) Teaching behavior of teachers 4) Attention of parents and 5) emotional intelligence of
students.
2. A causal relationship of the factors affecting on achievement of learning
mathematics of Prathomsueksa 5 students in Si sa ket Province was relevant with
empirical data based on the Chi - Square (χ2), which was 149.025 degrees of freedom (df)
as 125. Probability (p) was 0.070 and the combined index (GFI) index level was 0.974. The
combined adjusted (AGFI) was 0.961 and the coefficients were 0.7940. The data showed
that all variables together explained the variation in mathematics achievement of
Prathomsueksa 5 students at 79.40 percent . Variable with direct effects on academic
achievement in mathematics was background knowledge. Variables that influence both
direct and indirect effects on mathematics achievement were learning skills, behavior
teaching of teachers and emotional intelligence. Variable that influenced the indirect
causes was the parent's attention.