Causal Factors Influencing The Sense Of Coherence Of Mathayom Suksa IV In Nongkhai Province

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พวงชมพู พันธุวร
ประวิต เอราวรรณ์
ไพบูลย์ บุญไชย

Abstract

The purpose of this research were ; 1) to study the relationship between
social support, self esteem, self adjustment, anxiety, emotional quotient, future goal,
and life quality that affect sense of coherence, 2) to develop and validate the casual
model influencing critical thinking ability, and 3) to study the causal of factors affecting
the sense of coherence. The sample consisted of 907 Mattayom Suksa 4 students in
Nongkhai Province, obtained using the multi-stage random sampling technique. The
research instruments used for data collection were tests for sense of coherence, social
support, self esteem, self adjustment, anxiety, emotional quotient, future goal, and life
quality. The data were analyzed by using path analysis.
The results of the study were as follows:
1. The results revealed that correlation coefficients of causal factor and
sense of coherence ranged from .024 to .665, showing that there was a positive
correlation between causal factor and sense of coherence at the .01 level of
significance. Causal factors affecting sense of coherence, ranging from lowest to highest
correlation, were emotional quotient, anxiety, future goal, self adjustment, life quality,
self esteem, and social support, respectively.
2. The model obtained showed goodness of fit with the empirical data :
2
χ =193.058, df=165, p=0.062, Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)= 0.98, Adjusted Goodnessof
Fit Index (AGFI) = 0.97, that help explain variance of sense of coherence at 72 percent.
3. The factor directly affecting sense of coherence of Mattayom Suksa 4
students in Nongkhai Province was self adjustment. Factors indirectly affecting sense of
coherence were self esteem, future goal, anxiety, and emotional quotient. The factor
both directly and indirectly affecting sense of coherence was social support.

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