Main Article Content
This paper aims to study the determinants of multiple jobs holding evidence from Udon Thani government officers in order to improve government officers salary base and suggest financial planning for their optimal expenditure and saving. The sample size is 280 observations, including government officers, teachers, soldiers, and police. The questionnaire is used as a research tool. The Probit Regression Model is specified in the officers analysis. The empirical results show that most of the sample is male, 34 years old, married with 4 family members and holding a Bachelor’s degree. Moreover, the average income and expend are 23,248.18 and 12,870.64 Baht/month respectively. Most of the sample group have no land ownership, while they have debt payment and saving per month of approximately 4,943.73 and 2,550.98 Baht respectively. The determinants of multiple jobs holding are income, saving or saving for investment, government welfare, work experience, promotion prospects, and multiple jobs holding risk. The model has the prediction value of 67.50 percent.
Keywords: 1) Multiple Job Holding 2) Government Officer 3) Udon Thani Province
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Akaike, H. (1973). Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle (2nd ed.). New York: Springer-Verlag Press.
Bliss, C. I. (1934). The method of probits model. Science Journal, 79(2037), 38-39.
Bank of Thailand. (2017). Thailand economic outlook 2017. Retrieved July 16, 2018 from,
Dickey, H., Watson, V. and Zangelidis, A. (2009). What trigger multiple job holding? An experimental investigation. MPRA Paper, 17575, 1-28.
Eboli, M. G. and Turri, E. (1988). Toward a behavioral model of multiple job holding farm families. Agricultural Economics Journal, 2, 247-258.
Goodwin, B. K. and Mishra, A. K. (2004). Farming efficiency and the determinants of multiple job holding by farm operators. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 86(3), 722-729.
Gujarati, D. N. and Porter, D. C. (2009). Basic Econimetrics (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Education Press.
Hassadipan, P. and Sirisunyaluck, R. (2017). Supplememtary occupation for income incressing of farmer housewives, Pa Sang District, Lamphon Province. Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal, 45(1), 1490-1496.
Kaewmahachai, K. (2007). Motivation on the decision making for second occupation of framers in Tombon Chiang-Wang, Phen District, Udon-Thani province. Master Thesis,
M. Ed., Silpakorn University, Bangkok.
Khamsawat, U. (1998). The supplementary job of police officer, the case of Roi Et Provincial Police. Master Thesis, M.S.W., Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Kingvongsa, P. (2010). Supplementary agricultural occupation performed by governmental elementary school teacher, the case of Lam Plai Mat, Changwat Buri Ram. Master Thesis, M.L.W, Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Mahakort, N. (1998). The financial crisis effect on high school teacher's secondary occupation in Udon Thani. Master Thesis, M.S.W., Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Martinez, Jr. A., Western, M., Haynes, M., Tomaszewski, W. and Macarayan, E. (2014). Multiple job holding and income mobility in Indonesia. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 37, 91-104.
Office of the Civil Servant Commission. (2015). Civil servant registration. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from www.ocsc.go.th/civilservant
Pakdeesuwan, S. (1998). The second job of primary school teacher in Mahasarakham Province. Master Thesis, M.A., Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham.
Panos, G., Pouliakas, K. and Zangelidis, A. (2011). Multiple job holding as a strategy for skills diversification and labor market mobility. Journal of Economy and Society, 53(2), 223-272.
Piputsoongnern, P. (2015). Identifying indicators of factors determining healthy city, applied second-orer confrimatory factor analysis model. Udon Thani Rajabhat University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 4(1), 31-58.
Pitiphat, S. (2018). A causal relationship model of healthy city in the upper North East region, Panyapiwat Journal, 10(1), 78-90.
Poonphon, S. (2000). The impact of secondary job on main job duties in the 1st division of custody and security supervision division. Master Thesis, M.A., Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Supawong, P. (2006). Debts from and needs for supplementary income generating of
the police families under the provincial police region 5. Master Thesis, M.B.A.,
Maejo University, Chiang Mai.
Theisen, T. (2006). Multiple job holding in africa, the case of Tanzania. JEL Classification, 33(22), 1-40.
Unni, J. (1996). Occupational choice and multiple job holding in rural Gujarat. Indian Economic Review, 31(2), 157-183.
Yamanon, PP. (1999). Secondary job of police officer in the 2nd division of custody and security supervision division. Master Thesis, M.S.W., Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Yangyuen, S. and Jitrapan, PP. (lecturer). (June 8, 2018) Decision making on re-employment of civil servants after reaching the retirement age. UTCC Academic Conference in 2nd (pp. 662-676). Bangkok: University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce.