Para-rubber Farmers’ Adaptation Practices under ASEAN Economic Community: A Reflection of the Large City of Two Seas

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ปุรวิชญ์ พิทยาภินันท์
พลากร สัตย์ซื่อ



              This survey research investigated the para-rubber farmers’ adaptation practices under ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), and examined factors determining their adaptation practices under AEC. Songkhla province was selected as the research area. A survey of 400 representative para-rubber farmers in Songkhla province, was conducted using mixed method sampling. Primary data were collected using structured interviews. The derived data were then analyzed using descriptive statistics and an ordered logit model. The results identified that the para-rubber farmers had a low level of overall adaptation practices under AEC ( gif.latex?\bar{\chi&space;}= 0.32±0.25) because of their limitations, e.g., knowledge and understanding of AEC. The adaptation practices with a livelihood aspect were at a moderate level ( gif.latex?\bar{\chi&space;}== 0.46±0.35). The statistically significant factors determining the para-rubber farmers’ adaptation practices under AEC were: the adequacy of household labor for para-rubber farming, and the contact to government officers for assistance in para-rubber farming management, with respective probabilities of moderate level of adaptation practices of 0.1768, and 0.1457, respectively. The results are useful for related government agencies to formulate appropriate agricultural extension strategies.

Keywords: 1) Adaptation 2) Para-rubber Production 3) Para-rubber Farmer 4) Ordered Logit Model
5) ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)


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พิทยาภินันท์ป., & สัตย์ซื่อพ. (2019). Para-rubber Farmers’ Adaptation Practices under ASEAN Economic Community: A Reflection of the Large City of Two Seas. Journal of Business, Economics and Communications, 14(3), 56-71. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย (Research article)


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