The The influence of social support and quality of life on happiness of Elderly people in Bangkok, Pathumthani province, Nonthaburi province and Samutprakan province.

The influence of social support and quality of life on happiness of Elderly people in Bangkok, Pathum Thani, Nonthaburi and Samut Prakan


  • Dr.Kanyarat Thiratanachaiyakul School of Business Adminisstration, Sripatum University


Social support, Quality of life of the elderly, Happiness of the elderly people


                This research Using quantitative research and qualitative research by quantitative research. The researcher determined the sample group in this study is Thai elderly people aged 60 years and over who are members of the Elderly Association living in Bangkok, Pathum Thani, Nonthaburi and Samut Prakan, 384 people. In this research the researcher analyzed the data by compiling all received questionnaires analyze and process the data by using statistical software packages for research the significance level is 0.05. The statistics used for data analysis are frequency and percentage, average, standard deviation and analyze multiple regression equations. The results of found that Social support factors influence happiness at a high level .The quality of life factors of the elderly have an influence on the happiness at a medium level .The happiness factors of the elderly in general, found that the happiness of the elderly is lower than the general. The qualitative research section The researcher conducted group discussions with 40 elderly people. After that, the information was synthesized. The results found that the happiness of the elderly is mostly caused by employment. Have enough income and have ongoing income resulting in the elderly being able to look after their own lives and their families to be happy. In addition, having a warm, stable family and good family relationships result in the elderly being happy.


Ayuwat, D., Hong-ngam, J., Saranrittichai, K., Chumnanmak, R., Narongchai, W., & Auraiampai, N. (2019). Life Happiness of Elderly in Northeast. Journal of Language Religion and Culture, 8(1), 136-155.

Burns, D. J., Hyde, P. J., & Killett, A. M. (2016). How financial cutbacks affect the quality of jobs and care for the elderly. ILR Review, 69(4), 991-1016.

Cobb, S. (1976). Social support as a moderator of life stress. Psychosomatic medicine.

Compton, W. C. (2001). Toward a tripartite factor structure of mental health: Subjective well-being, personal growth, and religiosity. The Journal of psychology, 135(5), 486-500.

Cheng, Y., Gibson, P., & Guo, T. (2017). Life quality and health costs in late retirement. Journal of Personal Finance, 16, 37-47.

Chairhit, T. (2020). Allocation of Happiness to the Elderly of the Local Administration. Journal of Legal Entity Management and Local Innovation, 6(2), 255-266.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin Journal, 95(5), 542-575.

Freedland, K. E., Carney, R. M., Rich, M. W., Steinmeyer, B. C., Skala, J. A., & Davilaroman, V. G. (2016). Depression and multiple rehospitalizations in patients with heart failure. Clinical Cardiology, 39(5), 257–262.

Huang, K. Y., Chengalur-Smith, I., & Pinsonneault, A. (2019). Sharing is caring: Social support provision and companionship activities in healthcare virtual support communities. Journal MIS quarterly, 43(2), 395-424.

House, J. S. (1983). Work stress and social support. Reading Mass: Addison-Wesley Series.

Iglesias, S., & Arias, A. V. (2015). Structural and functional social support in elderly objective and subjective health ratings. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 5(2), 243-252.

Isbel, S., Pearce, C., & Kohlhagen, L. (2014). An allied health assistant helps reduce difficulties faced by older people when returning home from hospital. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, 9(2), 59-65.

Jahoda, M. (1958). Joint commission on mental health and illness monograph series Vol1. Current concepts of positive mental health. Basic Books. https: //

Jeon, S. W., Lim, H. E., Yoon, S., Na, K. S., Ko, Y. H., Joe, S. H., & Kim, Y. H. (2017). Does type D personality impact on the prognosis of patients who underwent catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation? A 1-year follow-up study. Psychiatry investigation, 14(3), 281.–288.

Johari, J., Ramli, F. Z. A., Wahab, H. A., Bidin, M. F., & Rosely, R. M. (2019). Social Support, Pay Satisfaction, Work Ability, and Intention to Stay: A Case of Return to Work Program Participants. Journal Pengurusan (UKM Journal of Management), 55, 3-12.

Kanazawa, S. (2014). Why is intelligence associated with stability of happiness?. British Journal of Psychology, 105(3), 316-337.

Khanthong, P., Sooktho, S., Thatasook, J., Uttarak, J., Sriwong, N., Phunnarat, S., Laohawirot, H., & Sribuathet, J. (2017). Happiness and Life Satisfaction of Elderly in Nong Khon Subdistrict, Ubon Ratchathani Province. Journal of Traditional Thai Medical Research, 3(2), 7-16.

Kruaaem, A. (2018). The happy life of the elderly in Nong Pho District, Ratchaburi Province. Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal, 3(1), 59-71.

Kim, J., Kim, M., & Park, S. H. (2016). Exploring the relationship among posttraumatic growth, life satisfaction, and happiness among Korean individuals with physical disabilities. Psychological Reports, 119(1), 312-327.

Kilburn, K., Handa, S., Angeles, G., Tsoka, M., & Mvula, P. (2018). Paying for happiness: Experimental results from a large cash transfer program in Malawi. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 37(2), 331-356.

Kish, K., Bunch, M. J., & Xu, B. J. (2016). Soft systems methodologies in action: Environment, health & Shanghai’s elderly. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 29(1), 61-77.

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Lüders, M., & Gjevjon, E. R. (2017). Being old in an always-on culture: older people's perceptions and experiences of online communication. The Information Society, 33(2), 64-75.

McDowell, I. (2006). Measuring health: a guide to rating scales and questionnaires. Oxford University Press, USA.

Mongkol, A., Huttapanom, B., Chetchotisakd, P., Chalookul, W., Punyoyai , L., &Suvanashiep, S. (2001). The study to develop Thai mental health indication. The Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 46(3), 209-225.

National Static Office (2019). Statistics of the elderly. Retrieved From

Nasurdin, A. M., Ling, T. C., & Khan, S. N. (2018). Linking social support, work engagement and job performance in nursing. International Journal of Business & Society, 19(2), 363-386.

Noknoi, C., & Boripunt, W. (2017). The Quality of Life of the Elderly in Songkhla Province. Princess of Narathiwat University Journal, 9(3), 94-105.

Nozaki, K., & Oshio, T. (2016). Multidimensional Poverty and Perceived Happiness: Evidence from China, Japan and Korea. Asian Economic Journal, 30(3), 275-293.

Owusu-Darko, I., Adu, K. I., & Nana-Kena, F. (2014). Application of generalized estimating equation (GEE) model on students’ academic performance. Applied Mathematical Sciences, 8(68), 3359-3374.

Pengsart, C. (2018). The Happiness of the Elderly in Banrai Sub-District, Lat Yao District, Nakhon Sawan Province. Journal of MCU Nan Review, 1(2), 1-13.

Schaefer, C., Coyne, J. C., & Lazarus, R. S. (1981). The health-related functions of social support. Journal of behavioral medicine, 4(4), 381-406.

Schalock, R. L. (2004). The concept of quality of life: what we know and do not know. Journal of intellectual disability research, 48(3), 203-216.

Sharma, J., & Dhar, R. L. (2016). Factors influencing job performance of nursing staff: mediating role of affective commitment. Personnel Review, 45(1), 161-182.

Sombutboon, J., Prakas, N., & Eiu-Seeyok, B. (2019). Happiness of Thai Elderly in Thailand 4.0. Phrapokklao Nursing College, 30(2), 219-228.

Tabsee, S. (2020). Factors Related to Self-care Behavior of the Elderly in Kangkrajan

District, Phetchaburi Province. Journal of Prachomklao College of Nursing, Phetchaburi Province, 3(1), 14-30.

Thongsrikate, I. (2020). The happiness of elderly migrants who moved to the city of Khon Kaen, Khon Kaen Province. Suranaree Journal Social Science, 14(2), 73-88.

Vassli, L.T., & Farshchian, B.A. (2018). Acceptance of Health-Related ICT among Elderly People Living in the Community: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Evidence. International Journal of human-computer interaction, 34(2), 99-116.

Weinstock, J. S., & Bond, L. A. (2018). Defining and Promoting Quality of Life at a Continuing Care Retirement Community: A Case Study. Seniors Housing & Care Journal, 26(1), 61-73.

Wongsawat, S., & Runkawatt, V. (2020). The happiness of the elderly in the rural areas of Nakhon Ratchasima Province. Journal of Social Science and Buddhistic Anthropology, 5(10), 17-34.

Yamane, T. (1967). Problems to accompany Statistics, an introductory analysis. New York : Harper & Row.




How to Cite

Thiratanachaiyakul, D. (2021). The The influence of social support and quality of life on happiness of Elderly people in Bangkok, Pathumthani province, Nonthaburi province and Samutprakan province.: The influence of social support and quality of life on happiness of Elderly people in Bangkok, Pathum Thani, Nonthaburi and Samut Prakan. Journal of Business Administration The Association of Private Higher Education Institutions of Thailand, 10(1), 30–48. Retrieved from



Research Articles