การจัดการความเสี่ยงภัยพิบัติโดยอาศัยชุมชนเป็นฐาน กรณีศึกษาความเสี่ยงอุทกภัยฉับพลัน จากการพิบัติของเขื่อนแม่สรวย จังหวัดเชียงราย COMMUNITY-BASED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF FLASH FLOOD RISK FROM FAILURE OF MAE SUAI DAM IN CHIANGRAI PROVINCE

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ชญาทัต เนียมแสวง Chayathat Niamsawaeng
จำลอง โพธิ์บุญ Chamlong Poboon

Abstract

This research aimed to study and find out the ways for community-based disaster risk management from flash flood caused by failure of Mae Suai Dam located in Chaingrai Province. This study adopted the qualitative approaches of action research including group interview, in-depth interview focus group discussion and workshop with 60 key informants from 6 Mae Suai communities consisting of local leaders, local wisdoms, community committees, and leaders of community organizations. The data were collected for 2 years (2014-2016) and analyzed by content analysis. The results showed that there were 3 stages of flash flood disaster risk management: 1) preparedness before disaster event, 2) encountering disaster event and 3) revival after disaster event. Preparedness comprised housing management and community organization, water resource management, databased of disaster risk group development and warning system development. Encountering disaster included the determination of migration routes, safety areas and shelter areas. Moreover, crisis communication procedures, coordination of assistance from agencies in the neighborhood for example Chiang Rai Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Office, Mae Suai Hospital, 37th Army District and mass media were determined.  Finally, the revival after the disaster focused on rehabilitation of agricultural area and restoration of houses by skilled local people.

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Chayathat Niamsawaengช. เ., & Chamlong Poboon จ. โ. (2020). การจัดการความเสี่ยงภัยพิบัติโดยอาศัยชุมชนเป็นฐาน กรณีศึกษาความเสี่ยงอุทกภัยฉับพลัน จากการพิบัติของเขื่อนแม่สรวย จังหวัดเชียงราย COMMUNITY-BASED DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF FLASH FLOOD RISK FROM FAILURE OF MAE SUAI DAM IN CHIANGRAI PROVINCE . JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 16(2), 94-109. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JEM/article/view/236865
Section
บทความวิจัย Research

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