ผลกระทบของการเปลี่ยนแปลง สภาพภูมิอากาศต่อปริมาณผลผลิตอ้อย ในพื้นที่ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTIVITY IN NORTHEASTERN THAILAND

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Kamontat Moonsri กมนทัต มูลศรี
Pakpong Pochanart ภัคพงศ์ พจนารถ

Abstract

This paper aims to assess the influence of ENSO event and the meteorological factors such as rainfall relative humidity, evaporation rate, temperature, and wind speed on the impact to sugarcane production in Northeast region, which is the largest sugarcane production region in Thailand. This study used 20-year ENSO phenomenon Index (Oceanic Nino Index), meteorology parameters information, and sugarcane production in the Northeast form 1996 – 2015 and analyze their relationship according to the planting season. The results show that the ONI index has a negative correlation with rainfall and relative humidity and positive correlation with evaporation rate and temperature. While sugarcane production is not found to have a direct correlation with the ONI index, it is related to a meteorological parameter such as relative humidity and temperature, especially in the year which El Niño / La Niña. The sugarcane production is likely to decrease in the year of El Niño (ONI ≥ 0.5) and to increase in the year of La Niña (ONI ≤-0.5). The sugarcane productivity in La Niña years is 6% higher than El Niño years in the south-west of the northeast region (zone 4), which is the most affected zone. Furthermore, the Sugar cane is mainly affected by the meteorological variation during August to October period, when it is in the stalk elongation phase which directly affects its yield.

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กมนทัต มูลศรีK. M., & ภัคพงศ์ พจนารถP. P. (2019). ผลกระทบของการเปลี่ยนแปลง สภาพภูมิอากาศต่อปริมาณผลผลิตอ้อย ในพื้นที่ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ THE EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTIVITY IN NORTHEASTERN THAILAND. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, 15(2), 46-61. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JEM/article/view/211086
Section
บทความวิจัย Research

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