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The Sustainable Development concept which has could supposedly integrate environment and econourics, first appeared in the report of the World Commuision on Environment and Development (Our Common Futurte, 1987). The report, atso known as Brandtloud Report, has been viewed by developing countries (South) as being bias toward developed nations (North), by allowing the North to exploit natural resources in Southern countries and condemning the South to perpetual poverty and continual dependence on the Noth. In all UN confrences on environment at Rio de Janeiro 1992, Johannesberg 2002, or Rio de Janeiro 2012, the North interpreted Sustainable Development concept in accordance with their interests, despite strong oppositions from the South. The South, therefore, proposed to the UN development goals to eradicate porverty, henger, illiteracy, ete. in the South, in addition to environmental protection. Millennium Development Goals was therefore proclaimed by the UN General Assembly, with environment as one of the eight Development Goals. Thereafter, the South proposed to the 2012 Environment Conference at Rio in 2012 that the UN to establish a Working Group to define the Sustainable Development Goals, integrating the desires of the South and the interests of the North. The UN convened an high- level meeting on Sustainable Development Goals in 2015; and the meeting unanimously accepted SDG’s as waps and means to eradicate poverty by 2030, conbating injustice, and protecing the environment for a sustainable world future.
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