Challenges in building positive self-concept in female adolescent offenders in juvenile detention centers in Tangerang, Indonesia

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Jesika Juliana
Zhooriyati Sehu Mohamad


The investigation of one's self-concept is an important component in delinquency prevention in light of the growing incidence of both juvenile delinquency and recidivism. However, it has been found that female juvenile offenders have a higher rate of developing a negative self-concept about themselves. This leads them to believe that they are unable to make a positive change in their lives; consequently, it has been demonstrated that having a positive self-concept is the most effective means of preventing this issue. Therefore, this study aims to explore the challenges in building positive self-concept in female adolescent offenders incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in Tangerang, Indonesia. The study was conducted in a qualitative method using phenomenology design, whereas the data collection process has been conducted by structured interviews with seven informants. The study found that the influence of parents, peers, society’s perception regarding juvenile delinquents as well as the feeling of hopelessness, towards the development of self-concept in female adolescent offenders. These results suggest that negative perception has created a sense of helplessness that is contributing to the negative self-concept in female juvenile offenders. On this basis, reducing the stigma regarding juvenile delinquent by providing jobs opportunities for female juvenile offenders, as well as providing family support should be considered in developing positive self-concept and reducing recidivism.


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