Guidelines for developing quality of life for the elderly: a community- based approach

Main Article Content

Kanchana Pattrawiwat
Arthitaya Charuchinda
Phiranant Numkanisorn
Chainarong Suvarnasara
Karl Peltzer

Abstract

This research aimed to study and develop guidelines to improve the quality of the lives of the elderly in the Posa Subdistrict of the Angthong Province in Thailand. The study was divided into three steps: step one was to evaluate the quality of life and to survey the needs of the elderly, step two was to study the prototype of a life quality plan for the elderly, and step three was to establish guideline development for the quality of life of the elderly using community-based participatory research and the AIC technique. The study participants consisted of 171 elderly people in the Posa Subdistrict, seven administrators and 15 members of the elderly center prototype in Phang Nga Province, and 14 elderly people, a mayor, a vice- mayor, two city council members, and four public health volunteers in the Posa Subdistrict. The study was conducted using frequencies, percentage and inductive analysis for data analysis. The study concluded the following as guidelines to develop quality of life for the elderly: (1) in the physical domain, the community should provide training for the elderly and their caregivers in the field of health care; (2) in the psychological domain, the promotion of the values of the elderly and family-based care for the elderly should be encouraged; (3) in the social relationships domain, the community should establish a center for the elderly, to encourage and support them to participate in social activities; and (4) in the environmental domain, the establishment of volunteer caretakers for the elderly in the village should be initiated, and a care surveillance unit to provide safety and convenience for elderly should be set up. This research offers some recommendations and that family and community-based care has the potential to develop quality of life among the elderly in the psychological domain, which is a fundamentally better quality of life in other aspects of the elderly.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Articles

References

Bunphadong, S. (2010). Developing the Life Quality of the Elderly by Applying Sufficiency Economy-Based Schooling (Phase I). Bangkok: Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University. [in Thai]

Butler, J. and Ciarrochi, J. (2007). Psychological acceptance and quality of life in the elderly. Quality of Life Research 16(4): 607-615.

Community Health System Research and Development Institute. (2015). Community Health System Development Manual with Health Insurance Funds at the Local or Local Level. Bangkok: Sahamit. [in Thai]

Department of Mental Health. (2013). Psychometric Properties of WHOQOL-BREF-THAI. [Online URL: http://www.dmh.go.th/test/download/files/whoqol.pdf] accessed on April 19, 2016. [in Thai]

Department of Older Persons. (2021). Older Statistics. [Online URL: https://www.dop.go.th/th/know/side/1/1/335.] accessed on August 14, 2021. [in Thai]

Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the Life Cycle: Selected Papers, with a Historical Introduction by David Rapaport. New York: International University Press.

Farquhar, M. (1995). Elderly people’s definitions of quality of life. Social science & Medicine 41(10): 1439-1446.

Hanse, H. K., Molpeceres, M. and Rothuizen, J. J. (2012). Lifelong Learning and Participation: A Pedagogical Turn in Social Work and Social Policy. [Online URL: http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/en/catalog/2305626993] accessed on September 1, 2017.

Israel, B. A., Schulz, A. J., Parker, E. A. and Becker, A. B. (1998). Review of community-based research: assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health. 19: 173-202.

Jirapinyo, P. (2017). Japan's Aging Society. [Online URL: http://www.acat.or.th/download/acat_or_th/journal-16/16%20-%2007.pdf.] accessed on August 1, 2021. [in Thai]

Jitramontree, N. (2015). Theory of Aging. In The Art and Science Elderly Nursing Care, edited by Thongcharoen, V., pp. 1-18. 2nd ed. Bangkok: N. T. Press. [in Thai]

Khuha, O. and Thamanawat, N. (2009). Education System Health Care, Seniors Who Are Frail Health in the Community. Institute of Geriatric Medicine Department of Medical services: Ministry of Public Health. [in Thai]

Khuha, S. (2009). Guidelines for Improving the Quality of Life of the Elderly in Nong Khao Sub-District Municipality, Tha Muang District, Kanchanaburi Province. Master’s Thesis. Khon Kaen University, Thailand. [in Thai]

Kongkham, L. (2017). Handbook of Long-Term Care System Development for Dependent Elderly. [Online URL: http://thaitgri.org/images/document/Research_tgri/Manual%20LTC.pdf] accessed on September 21, 2017.

Lapid, I. M., Piderman, K. M., Ryan, S. M., Somers, K. J., Clark, M. W. and Rummans, T. A. (2011). Improvement of quality of life in hospitalized depressed elderly. International Psychogeriatrics 23(3): 485-495.

Meiner, S. E. and Kazer, M. W. (2011). Gerontological Nursing. 4th ed. St. Louis: Elsevier Publishing.

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2016a). Strategic Ministry 2017 - 2021 and Strategic Office of the Permanent Secretary 2017 -2021 Permanent Secretary Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. Bangkok: Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. [in Thai]

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2016b). The Synthesis of Elderly Research in 2006-2015. Bangkok: Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. [in Thai]

Municipality Posa. (2016 ). Strategic Development Plan for the Year 2017-2021. Angthong: Municipality Posa. [in Thai]

Naiyapatana, O. (2008). Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 3rd ed. Bangkok: Samlada Press. [in Thai]

O'Brien, M. J. and Whitaker, R. C. (2011). The role of community-based participatory research to inform local health policy: A case study. Journal of General Internal Medicine 26(12): 1498-1501.

Office of the Prime Minister. (2002). The 2nd National Plan on the Elderly 2002-2021. Bangkok: Office of the Prime Minister. [in Thai]

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Pearodwong, C. (2011). The Development of Elderly’s Health Management in Tambon Kantarrarat Kantarawichai District, Maha Sarakham Province. Master’s Thesis. Maha Sarakham University, Thailand. [in Thai]

Rhodes, S. D., Malow, R. M. and Jolly, C. (2010). Community-based participatory research: a new and not-so-new approach to hiv/aids prevention, care, and treatment. AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 22(3): 173-183.

Sunthornthada, K. (2010). Population and Society the Value of the Elderly in Thai Society. Bangkok: October, Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Thai]

Thongcharoen, V. (2015). The Art and Science Elderly Nursing Care. 2nd ed. The text book Project Faculty of Nursing Mahidol University. Bangkok: N.T. Press. [in Thai]

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees-UNHCR. (2008). A Community-Based Approach in UNHCR Operation. [Online URL: http://www.unhcr.org/uk/publications/legal/47ed0e212/community-based-approach-unhcr-operations.html] accessed on September 19, 2017.

Wallace, T. (2008). Life Satisfaction in Individuals Age Sixty-Five Years of Age and Older. Doctoral dissertation, Oklahoma State University, United States of America.

Zhang, H. (2007). Who will care our parents? Changing boundaries of family and public roles in providing care for the aged in urban China. Care Management Journal 8(1): 39-46.