Main Article Content
Nong Bua Lamphu is a province located in the Northeastern region of Thailand which ranked 76th in terms of overall income countrywide. In terms of agriculture, there is high usage of chemicals on agriculture which caused serious health problems to farmers and consumers in the province including the flesh-eating disease (necrotizing fasciitis) and the cellulitis. Thus, the authority of the province initiates the idea in reducing chemical usage on the participatory basis to formulate the public policy in order to tackle with the problem by teaming up with other governmental agencies, farmers, researchers, and private sector to involve in the policy making process. This research underlines that the public policy formulation and implementation had to rely upon the supports from stakeholders mentioned earlier. The major objective of this study is to formulate the participatory public policy of civil society in order to reduce chemical usage in agriculture. The study results suggest that three issues needed to be strategized including the promotion of recognition on organic agriculture, the organic agriculture re-skilling, and the support for organic agriculture and marketing. Moreover, this research also indicates that the farmers could employ other additional techniques to help reducing the usage of chemicals such as the founding of the voluntary community, and the establishment of chemical usage monitoring network. It is highly believed that with the proper understanding, knowledge and techniques of organic agriculture, the farmers in Nong Bua Lamphu could reduce the usage of chemicals in agricultural production which could avail them to have more income and a better quality of life.
All rights reserved. Apart from citations for the purposes of research, private study, or criticism and review,no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any other form without prior written permission by the publisher.
Bardach, E. (1978). The Implementation Game: What Happens after a Bill Becomes a Law. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hamilton, W., Bosworth, G. and Ruto, E. (2015). Entrepreneurial younger farmers and the "young farm problem" in England. Agriculture and Forestry 61(4): 61-69.
Janjhua, Y., Forestry, N., Chaudhary, R., Mehta, P. and Kumar, K. (2019). Determinants of farmer's attitude toward organic agriculture and barriers for converting to organic farming systems: research insights. International Journal of Economic Plants 6(2): 97-103.
Jitpakdee, P., Harun, A. and Zain, Z. B. (2016). Local community development through community-based tourism management: a case study of Mae Kampong village. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 7(3): 407-414.
Jitpakdee, P., Harun, A. and Zain, Z. B. (2017). The management steps towards the success and sustainability of Mae Kampong tourism community. International Journal of Economics, Business and Management Research 1(4): 273-284.
Kitana, N. (2019). The Curse of Poisonous Land: Who Will be Lifting It? [Online URL: http://www.thairath.co.th/home] accessed on August 31, 2019. [in Thai]
Kongtip, P. (2019). Poisonous Land: Chemicals Transfer from Mothers Toto Babies. [Online URL: http://www.thairath.co.th/home] accessed on November 10, 2019. [in Thai]
McDougall, A. (2020). Continuity of constitutional government during a pandemic: considering the concept in Canada's Emergency Management Act. Canadian Journal of Political Science 53(2): 1-6.
McTighe, J. and Thomas, R. S. (2003). Backward design for forward action. Educational Leadership 60(5): 52-55.
Rao, G. V., Kumari, B. R., Sahrawat, K. L. and Wani, S. P. (2015). Integrated pest management (IPM) for reducing pestiside residues in crops and natural resources. In New Horizons in Insect Science: Toward Sustainable Pest Management, edited by A. K. Chakravarthy, pp. 397-412. India: Springer India.
Reganold, J. P. and Wachter, J. M. (2016). Organic agriculture in the twenty-first century. Nature Plants 2: 1-8.
Sanook. (2019). US Court Demands Monsanto to Compensate Cancer Patients. [Online URL: https://www.sanook.com/news/7728075/] accessed on March 29, 2020. [in Thai]
Sidney, M. S. (2007). Policy formulation: design and tools. In Handbook of Public Policy Analysis: Theory, Politics, and Methods, edited by F. Fisher, G. J. Miller and M. S. Sidney, pp. 79-88. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Sirisamphan, T. (2003). New Public Administration: Context and Techniques. Bangkok: Vision, Print and Media. [in Thai]
Sudathip, B. (2019). Nong Bua Lamphu Four-Year Development Plan (Revision). [Online URL: http://www.nongbualamphu.go.th/NEXT/index.php/plan/138-2019-03-20-11-19-17] accessed on March 20, 2020. [in Thai]
Suksan, S. (2002). Planning and Evaluation Technique. Uttaradit: Uttaradit Rajabhat University. [in Thai]
Tanapongsatorn, K. (1987). Benefits and Services. In Personnel Management in Management Science, edited by K. Tanapongsatorn, p. 59. Nonthaburi: Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. [in Thai]
Thai Health Promotion Foundation. (2014). Safety Ingredients, Safety Food. [Online URL: https://www.thaihealth.or.th/Content/26272%E0%B8%9C%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%81%E0%B8%9B%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%20%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%AB%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3%E0%B8%9B%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%A0%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%A2.html] accessed on March 20, 2020. [in Thai]
Thai-PAN. (2019). Banned 3 Agrochemicals. [Online URL: https://www.komchadluek.net/news/edu-health/394928] accessed on October 23, 2019. [in Thai]
Willer, H., Lernoud, J. and Kemper, L. (2019). The world of organic agriculture 2019: summary. In The World of Organic Agriculture Statistics and Emerging Trends, edited by H. Willer, and J. Lernoud, pp. 25-33. Rheinbreitbach: Medienhaus Plump.
Wojciechowska-Solis, J. and Soroka, A. (2017). Motives and barriers of organic food demand among Polish consumers: a profile of the purchasers. British Food Journal 119(9): 2040-2048.
Yu, H., Gibson, K. E., Wright, K. G., Neal, J. A. and Sirsat, S. A. (2017). Food safety and food quality perceptions of farmers' market consumers in the United States. Food Control 79: 266-271.