The participatory public policy formulation of civil society on chemical usage reduction in agriculture: the case of Nong Bua Lamphu, Thailand

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Pit Jitpakdee
Jittasak Putjorn
Supparat Sangchatkaew
Tipsuda Putjorn


Nong Bua Lamphu is a province located in the Northeastern region of Thailand which ranked 76th in terms of overall income countrywide. In terms of agriculture, there is high usage of chemicals on agriculture which caused serious health problems to farmers and consumers in the province including the flesh-eating disease (necrotizing fasciitis) and the cellulitis. Thus, the authority of the province initiates the idea in reducing chemical usage on the participatory basis to formulate the public policy in order to tackle with the problem by teaming up with other governmental agencies, farmers, researchers, and private sector to involve in the policy making process. This research underlines that the public policy formulation and implementation had to rely upon the supports from stakeholders mentioned earlier. The major objective of this study is to formulate the participatory public policy of civil society in order to reduce chemical usage in agriculture. The study results suggest that three issues needed to be strategized including the promotion of recognition on organic agriculture, the organic agriculture re-skilling, and the support for organic agriculture and marketing. Moreover, this research also indicates that the farmers could employ other additional techniques to help reducing the usage of chemicals such as the founding of the voluntary community, and the establishment of chemical usage monitoring network. It is highly believed that with the proper understanding, knowledge and techniques of organic agriculture, the farmers in Nong Bua Lamphu could reduce the usage of chemicals in agricultural production which could avail them to have more income and a better quality of life.


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