Innovative design of caisson lotus pattern in Dunhuang

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Daoling Chen
Pengpeng Cheng
Sone Simatrang
Eakachat Joneurairatana
Veerawat Sirivesmas


The main objective of this research was to propose an innovative design method suitable for the traditional lotus pattern, so that the design objects can better inherit excellent characteristics and meet the aesthetic needs of modern people. The study started from the analysis and summary of Dunhuang caisson lotus pattern types and characteristics, then used the diagramming method by compasses and straightedge ruler to geometricize the lotus pattern structure, and evolved the lotus pattern structure based on the shape grammar rules, through the classic blue and white color to color the pattern, thus derived innovative patterns. Finally, in order to verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the method in this paper, the Kansei engineering theory was used to evaluate the design effect of the new lotus pattern applied to the T-shirts favored by college students born after 1990. The results show that according to the shape of the petals, the caisson lotus pattern is mainly divided into simple round-wheel lotus and flat-petal lotus, the peach-shaped lotus known as the prototype of baoxiang flower, the complex and colorful baoxiang flower which is the most popular form in Tang dynasty, afterwards, it returned to the simple shape but with the rotating effect of the curl petal lotus. Through the analysis of the evaluation score of the design effect of the new patterns, it can be seen that each pattern gives a different feeling, on the whole, the new lotus patterns have unique, simple, innovative and neat characteristics, which basically meet the aesthetic needs of college students, this provides a feasible scheme for the innovative design of traditional patterns.


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