Main Article Content
Increasingly, more students have chosen to study for their degree in upper northern Thailand since the government of China implemented new policies of opening up in the field of education in recent years. However, Chinese students’ cross-cultural adaptation process has become an important factor affecting their academic achievements. The aim of this research is to investigate the Chinese students’ performance in four fields (social-cultural, academic, environmental and psychological field) of cross-cultural adaptation. In addition, it identifies the main difficulties Chinese students encountered during their time at the upper northern Thai universities. The selected sample size was 314 students from the eight upper northern Thai universities. In-depth interviews, focus group discussions and structured questionnaires were used for data collection. The data analysis method for determining the main difficulties was multiple regression. The results of the research showed: a) Chinese students’ cross-cultural adaptation process was roughly in a shape of “U-Curve”, furthermore, different Chinese students group performed differently in the four fields of cross-cultural adaptation; b) Eleven main difficulties were found to be contributing factors affecting the process of Chinese students’ cross-cultural adaptation, among which ‘being not accustomed to campus life’, ‘having difficulty in understanding courses’, ‘not having good job prospects’, and ‘having difficulty in fitting-in with Thai society’ were the most influential items. Finally, some useful suggestions for both Chinese students and Thai universities were put forward to help these students to become better adapted to the host Thai environment.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
All rights reserved. Apart from citations for the purposes of research, private study, or criticism and review,no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any other form without prior written permission by the publisher.
Berry, J. W. and Sam, D. L. (1997) Acculturation and Adaptation. In Handbook of cross-cultural psychology, edited by Berry, J. W., Segall, M. H. and Kagitcibasi, C., pp. 55-60. Baston: Allyn & Bacon.
Bochner, S. (1982) Cultures in Contact. Studies in Cross-cultural Interaction. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Cronbach, L. J. (1951) Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika 16(3): 297-334.
Deng, L. N. and Yang, Y. (2009) On Sino-Thai Cultural Eqiquette Nonvorbal Communication Difference. Journal of Chengdu University 4 (1): 126-128. [In Chinese]
Earley, P. C. and Mosakowski, E. (2004) Cultural Intelligence. Harvard Business Review 82 (10): 139-146.
Guo, Z. H. (2019) The Number of Students Attended GAOKAO excelled 10 Thousand Millions. China News. [Online URL: http://www.chinanews.com/gn/2019/06-10/8860015.shtml] accessed on June 10, 2019. [In Chinese]
Li, S. X. (2016) The Number of Chinese Students Studying in Thailand has increased tenfold in fifteen years, accounts for 3/4 of the total internationals. Ifeng News [Online URL: http://inews.ifeng.com/mip/49291458/news.shtml] accessed on July 4, 2016. [In Chinese]
Li, X. Z. (2011) An Analysis of Overseas Chinese Students’ Cultural Acculturation and Solution: A Case Study on Oklahoma State University. (Master’s Thesis). Chong Qing University, China. [In Chinese]
Lilasetthakul, T. and An, R. (2011) A Study on the Cross-cultural Adaptation of International Chinese Volunteer Teachers in Thailand. Intercultural Communication Studies 11(1): 208-223.
Liu, C. X., Hong, B. and Ren, M. M. (2014) Studies on Cross-cultural Adaptation of TCFL Majors Chinese Students from Honghe University while they were studying in Thailand. Journal of Read and Write 11(4):17-23. [In Chinese]
Lysgaard, S. (1955) Adjustment in a Foreign Society: Norwegian Fulbright Grantees Visiting the United States. International Social Science Bulletin 7: 45-51.
Ma, D. D. (2016) A Survey and Countermeasures on Cross-cultural Adaptation of Chinese Students Studying in Thailand: A Case Study on Qujing Normal University. Asia-Pacific Education (3): 247-248. [In Chinese]
Myers, M. D. (1997) Qualitative Research in Information Systems. MIS Quarterly 21(2): 241-242.
Oberg, K. (1960) Cultural Shock: Adjustment to New Cultural Environments. Practical Anthropology 7:177-182.
Phang, S. L. (2013) Factors influencing international students’ study destination decision abroad. (Master’s Thesis) University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Rujipak, V. (2016) Cultural and Psychological Adjustment of International Students in Thailand. The Journal of Behavioral Science 11(2): 127-143.
Schumann, J. H. (1978) The Acculturation Model for Second Language Acquistion. In Gingras. R.C. (Eds). Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Teaching. Pp: 27-50. Washington: Washington D.C Center for Applied Linguistics 1978.
Searle, W. and Ward, C. (1990) The Prediction of Psychological and Social-cultural Adjustment during Cross-cultural Transitions. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 14(1): 449-464.
Weaver, G. R. (2000) Understanding and Coping with Cross-cultural Adjustment Stress. In Culture Communication and Conflict, edited by Weaver, G. R., pp. 177-194. Boston: Pearson Publishing.
Yamane, T. (1967) Statistics, an Introductory Analysis. 2nd Ed. New York: Harper and Row.
Yang, J. H. (2009) Study on Cross-cultural Adaptation of International Students in China. Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Press. [In Chinese]
Yu, P. F. (2019) Foreign Media Reported More Chinese Students Are Studying in Thailand for Practical Reasons. Sina News. [Online URL: http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2019-01-20/doc-ihrfqziz9245745.shtml] accessed on January 20, 2019. [In Chinese]
Yuan, Q. and Zhao, Y. J. (2013) The New Understanding of U-Curve Model in Cross-cultural Adaptation - A Case Study on Two Chinese Students Studying in U.S.A. Overseas English 12(1): 275-277. [In Chinese]
Zhu, S. J. (2013) The ‘Culture Shock’ and ‘Culture Adaptation’ in Cross-cultural Communication Process for International Students. Education Teaching Forum 13(1): 3-5. [In Chinese]