Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Bophloi District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand

Main Article Content

Wanippol Mahaarcha


Thailand is very vulnerable to droughts and floods and has experienced several extreme climatic events. Thai farmers have usually developed coping strategies to adapt to or reduce the negative impacts of climate change on their farming operations. This study aims at identifying the strategies that Thai farmers adopt in relation to the ongoing changes in climatic events and to determine the factors influencing farmers’ adoption of adaptive strategies. The present study drew upon a survey of 364 farmers in Bophloi district, Kanchanaburi province of Thailand. Results showed that a majority of the farmers self-reported as having employed in adaptive behavior. The use of drought tolerant varieties was the most common adaptation strategy used. Whilst zero tillage was the least common adaptation strategy employed among the farmers. Using binary logistic regression, the results found that younger, more educated respondents with larger household size, access to credit, and possessing smaller land size, and/or contact with agricultural extension agents were more likely to employ adaptation strategies to climate change. These results provide a policy insight that government should facilitate infrastructure, support financial access, and encourage agricultural extension services to the farmers, all in order to promote adoption of coping strategies so as to tackle the adverse effects of climate change.  


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Research Articles


Acquah, H. D. (2011) Farmers Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: A Willingness to Pay Analysis. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 13(5): 150-161.

Asfaw, A. and Admassie, A. (2004) The Role of Education on the Adoption of Chemical Fertilizer under Different Socioeconomic Environments in Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 30(3): 215-228.

Brown, L. R. (2008) Introduction. In No-till Farming Systems, edited by Goddard, T., Zoebisch, M. A., Gan, Y. T., Ellis, W., Watson, A. and Sombatpanit, S., pp. 3-5. Bangkok: Funny Publishing.

Bruin, K. (2011) An Economic Analysis of Adaptation to Climate Change under Uncertainty. (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Wageningen.

Bryan, E., Deressa, T. T., Gbetibouo, G. A. and Ringler, C. (2009) Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia and South Africa: Options and Constraints. Environmental Science and Policy 12(4): 413-426.

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR). (2005) Thailand Natural Disaster Profile. The Earth Institute at Columbia University. [Online URL: https://bit.ly/1YUvaFR] accessed on November 1, 2017.

Cruz, R. V., Harasawa, H., Lal, M., Wu, S., Anokhin, Y., Punsalmaa, B., Honda, Y., Jafari, M., Li, C. and Ninh, H. N. (2007) Asia. In Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by Parry, M. L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., van der Linden, P. J. and Hanson, C. E., pp. 469-506. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Department of Agricultural Extension (DOAE). (2016) Number of Thai Population in Agricultural Sector 2011-2015. [Online URL: https://www.agriinfo.doae.go.th/5year/general/54-58/farmer54-58.pdf] accessed on November 1, 2017.

Deressa, T. and Rashid, M. (2010) Economic Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production in Ethiopia: Evidence from Cross-section Measures. Journal of African Economies 18(4): 529-554.

Deressa, T., Hassan, R. M., Ringler, C., Alemu, T. and Yesuf. M. (2008) Analysis of the Determinants of Farmers’ Choice of Adaptation Methods and Perceptions of Climate Change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 798. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Fischer, G., Shah, M., Tubiello, N. and Velhuizen, H. V. (2005) Socio-economic and Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture: An Integrated Assessment, 1990-2080. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Biological Sciences 360(1463): 2067- 2083.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). (2008) Climate Change and Food Security: A Framework Document. Rome: FAO.

Idrisa, Y. L., Ogunbameru, B. O., Ibrahim, A. A. and Bawa, D. B. (2012) Analysis of Awareness and Adaptation to Climate Change among Farmers in the Sahel Savannah Agro-ecological Zone of Borno State, Nigeria. British Journal of Environment & Climate Change 2(2): 216-226.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2007) Climate Change 2007: Impact, Adaptation and Vulnerability: An Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Krejcie, R. V. and Morgan, D. W. (1970) Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement 30(3): 607-610.

Maddison, D. (2006) The Perception of an Adaptation to Climate Change in Africa CEEPA. Discussion Paper No. 10. Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa. Pretoria. South Africa: University of Pretoria.

Mertz, O., Mbow, C., Reenberg, A. and Diouf, A. (2009) Farmers’ Perceptions of Climate Change and Agricultural Adaptation Strategies in Rural Sahel. Environmental Management 43(5): 804-816.

Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation (MOAC). (2012) National Strategy on Climate Change in Agricultural Sector 2013 – 2016. [Online URL: https://www.oae.go.th/assets/portals/1/files/ebook/Climatechange2556-2559.pdf] accessed on November 1, 2017.

Nakuja, T., Sarpong, D. B., Kuwornu, J. K. M. and Asante, A. F. (2012) Water Storage for Dry Season Vegetable Farming as an Adaptation to Climate Change in the Upper East Region of Ghana. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(2): 298-306.

Obayelu, O. A., Adepoju, A. O. and Idowu, T. (2014) Factors Influencing Farmers’ Choices of Adaptation to Climate Change in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development 108(1): 3-16.

Oyekale, A. S. and Oladale, O. I. (2012) Determinants of Climate Change Adaptation among Cocoa Farmers in Southwest Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Science and Technology 2(1): 154-168.

Thomas D. S. G., Twyman C., Osbahr, H. and Hewitson B. (2007) Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability: Farmer Responses to Intra-seasonal Precipitation Trends in South Africa. Climatic Change 83(3): 301-322.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2010) Human Security Today and Tomorrow. Thai Human Development Report 2009. Bangkok: UNDP.

World Bank. (2010) The Economics of Climate Change. A Synthesis Report. Final Constitution Draft. EACC.

Yesuf, M., Falco, D. S., Deressa, T. T., Ringler, C. and Kohlin, G. (2008) The Impact of Climate Change and Adaptation on Food Production in Low-income Countries: Evidence from the Nile Basin, Ethiopia. International Food Policy Research Institute. Discussion Paper No. 828. Washington D.C.: IFPRI.