Successful Implementation for Thailand as an emerging donor for infrastructure development in GMS
Keywords:Infrastructure Development, Financial Aid, Project Success, the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS)
The objectives of this study were to: (1) study the factors affecting the success of financial
aid under infrastructure development projects in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), and
(2) propose a model for project implementation success. This study is the qualitative research by
using three research methods in gathering data, consisted of document analysis, semi-structured
interviews, and non-participant observation. The semi-structured interviews were conducted with
34 key informants comprised of 9 key informants from Thai government agencies, 6 key informants
from local administrations, 15 key informants representing the local people, and 4 key informants
from Laos People's Democratic Republic, Kingdom of Cambodia, and Republic of the Union of
Myanmar. All key informants have involved directly in road construction projects.
The study findings from content analysis revealed that government agents defined
success at the outcome level, which consisted of improving quality of life, Sub-region economic
development, and fostering partnerships with neighboring countries. On the other hand, the local
administrations and local people considered success at the output level, which consisted of
reducing travel time and facilitating cross-border trade. The factors affecting the success of financial
aid under infrastructure development projects in GMS consisted of 5 factors: (1) standards and
objectives of policy requirements, (2) involvement and participation among stakeholders,
(3) organization configuration management, (4) the social and political atmosphere, and
(5) harmonization and coordination among stakeholders. The project implementation success
model is presented consistent with evidence found in stakeholders considered success at the
different level which effecting to various success factors. For the policy recommendations, the
government sector should promote constructive relationships with neighboring countries and be
aware of the best interests of neighboring countries. Moreover, the government sector should
develop the foundation of legal, regulations as well as standards agreements under GMS along
with hard infrastructure development.
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