An Analysis of Discourse Practice of Political Speeches : A Case Study of Donald Trump

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Sapolachet Prachumchai
Anchana Sriraungrith

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          World leaders’ political speeches have become fashionable topics in terms of discourse analysis and language study. The language used in powerful speeches might lead to some changes, support, beliefs, conflicts, or even war. The recent study aimed to determine the discourse practices in the political speeches of Donald Trump. The samples were 20 political speeches by Donald Trump in the Famous Presidential Speeches of the Miller Center from January 19, 2019, to July 4, 2020. The research instrument was Chilton, P. & Schaffner, C.'s (1997 : 145) discourse practice analysis. The statistics used to analyze the data was frequency. The result of the study revealed that Donald Trump's 11 political speeches expressed legitimation as the most common political discourse and demonstrated expressive communication as the most common communicative purpose, which confirmed that every political speech concealed its purpose. In summary, the audience became a target for participating in either action; they, as a result, should be more than consumers of information but defenders of their rights and the rights of the public.

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