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Assessment for Learning : Questioning and Feedback to Enhance Learning
The learning assessment is the process of gathering empirical data authentically from students’ learning to identify and diagnose the learning problem, and also give students the effective comments to improve their learning which can lead to the learning and teaching adjustment or formative assessments. The research has indentified the effective teaching strategies which are especially promoting the leaning assessment. They are 1) Questioning strategy which should not be only the pedagogical tool for teaching in classes, but it should be used for the teachers to observe what their students can do, 2) Effective teacher feedbacks which should focus on the acceptable criteria of achievement that can let the students know what they have succeeded or what they should improve. Giving feedbacks is a part of the formative assessment system which can develop the student’s learning. The formative assessment system is included with 3 components which are Feed up, Feedback, and Feed forward. Feed-up ensures that students understand the purpose of the assignments, tasks, or lessons, including how they will be assessed. Feedback provides students with information about their successes and needs. Finally, Feed forward guides student learning based on performance data. These thee components come with three main questions for teachers and students which are Where am I going? (feed up), How am I doing? (feedback),Where am I going next? (feed forward).
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