The artworks of the "Manifest.AR" group in Venice Biennale 2011


  • Noppadon Muangja คณะจิตรกรรม ประติมากรรมและภาพพิมพ์ มหาวิทยาลัยศิลปากร


Augmented Reality, Manifest.AR, Venice Biennale


Nowadays, artists utilize high technology as a medium. In the Venice Biennale International Contemporary Art 2011, a group of 8 multinational artists called “Manifest.AR” includes Tamiko Thiel, Mark Skwarek, Sander Veenhof, Will Pappenheimer, Lily and Honglei, John Craig Freeman, Naoko Tosa and John Cleater. They adopted the Augmented Reality (AR) system - a virtual reality presentation system through screen devices such as smartphones - to create their art pieces. This study focuses on the artworks by 8 artists from the Manifest.AR group through the method of analyzing and comparing these artworks within the group in order to interpret their concept and the artistic effects on the venue. As a result, the research found that the display of the artworks through Augmented Reality was presented in both 2-dimentional and 3-dimentional formats. Audience could surprisingly experience sound and moving images blurredly blended and overlapped with the actual situation at that moment. Moreover, the meaning of artworks could be interpreted based on the location. Another interesting issue is that this group of artists has an opposing concept against the Venice Biennale idea of ‘pavilion’ building. This made their art space an invisible pavilion, which did not directly affect the real location. Yet, it is an intrusion via the Augmented Reality that cannot be seen with one’s bodily eyes.




How to Cite

Muangja , . N. . (2020). The artworks of the "Manifest.AR" group in Venice Biennale 2011. Silpa Bhirasri (Journal of Fine Arts), 7(2), 105–127. Retrieved from