The Formulation of Model for Enhancing Oral Linguistic Performance of Teaching English Major Students of Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Phrae Campus
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The objectives of this study were to investigate their problems and needs concerning oral linguistic performance, to formulate model for improving their oral linguistic performance and study its efficiency, and to study model’s effectiveness by comparing oral pre-test and post-test score after model implementation. This mixed-method research was conducted with 2 groups of participants, selected by purposive sampling method. The first group consisted of 18 Teaching English major students and the second was 14 recent graduates majoring in Teaching English. The research instruments were problem and need assessment questionnaires; model for improving oral linguistic performance; and pre-test and post-test. The data were then analyzed by using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
The results revealed that poor English pronunciation was the most serious problem of the participants. In terms of their needs, they wanted to enhance their English pronunciation and speak English for a long period during their classroom teaching. To develop their oral performance, the model was formulated, consisting of 4 teaching stages: pre-speaking stage, while-speaking stage, post-speaking stage, and extension practice. The lessons based on the formulated model were also constructed, consisting of 3 units. After the model implementation, the mean scores of the post-test scores (15.28) are significantly higher than the pre-test scores (10.11) at a significant level of 0.05. The average score of all lessons was 72.35/75.87, which was higher than 70/70 standardized criteria. It means that the oral linguistic performance of the participants was improved after the model application.
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