Vocabularies on Elephant in language and Thai Culture

Main Article Content

Vichuda Prayyong


The purpose of this research is 1) to study and collect vocabulary on 'elephant' in the Royal Institute Dictionary 2011, 2) to study and collect vocabulary on 'elephant’ in the Thai Encyclopedia, and 3) to study the relationship of language and Thai culture from the vocabulary on to 'elephant'. The results of the research revealed a term related to ‘elephant’ of 183 words, divided into 9 vocabulary categories, as follows:1) Vocabulary about the meaning of elephants (synonym), 33 words 2) Vocabulary of genre and species of elephants, 32 words. 3) Vocabulary of tools and appliances related to elephants, 28 words. 4) Vocabulary about positions and duties of elephants, 22 words 5) Vocabulary related to organs of elephants, 20 words 6) Miscellaneous vocabulary about elephants, 19 words 7) Vocabulary about elephant verbs, 17 words 8) Vocabulary about traditions and rituals of elephants, 10 words, and 9) Vocabulary about elephant’s food, 2 words. Moreover, the researcher found the vocabulary on elephants in the category of synonyms the most which represents the richness of the Thai language with a large number of words that are appropriate for the context. The researcher analyzes the elephant vocabulary about the relationship between the Thai language and culture which found that there are 183 words of elephant vocabulary divided into 53 words of material culture and 130 words of mental culture. In terms of current language usage, the word 'elephant' has changed from being a 'noun' which refers to something concrete only into being an 'adverb' adding a new function of the word which is abstract. So the Thai language relates with Thai culture on vocabulary about 'elephant' according to reveal the word history and language evolution.

Article Details

How to Cite
Prayyong, V. (2021). Vocabularies on Elephant in language and Thai Culture. Journal of Arts Management, 5(3), 908–921. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jam/article/view/251874
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