Determination of Heavy Metals in FDA and Non FDA Registered lipsticks Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry

Main Article Content

Ploypailin Palawong
Thiti Mahacharoen

Abstract

The objective of this research was to compare the level of heavy metals contaminated in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) registered and non-FDA registered lipsticks. Eighteen most popular color lipstick samples (in red, nude pink and red-brown) were analyzed for harmful heavy metals, including mercury, cadmium, zinc, iron, manganese and lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) technique. Data were statistically analyzed by statistic t-test. The results showed that the FDA registered lipsticks were contaminated with zinc in the range of 11.35-43.62 mg/kg, iron in the range of 13.25-19.21 mg/kg, and manganese in the range of 11.38-14.9 mg/kg. Lead concentration was found only in the red color lipsticks under the range of 12.14-16.54 mg/kg. mercury and cadmium were undetected in FDA registered lipsticks. For non-FDA registered lipstick, it was found that the contaminated heavy metal were zinc in the range of 13.61-44.72 mg/kg, iron in the range of 10.59-22.73 mg/kg manganese in the range of 12.50-22.50 mg/kg and mercury in the range of 2.80-6.74 mg/kg. Cadmium was detected in one brand of non-FDA registered lipstick in the range of 5.00-5.87 mg/kg, whereas, only red color lipsticks showed lead concentration in the range of 12.58-15.5 mg/kg. Based on the Thai Industrial Standard and FDA, only 1 brand of non-FDA registered lipsticks contained greater amount of cadmium than the regulation while 3 brands of non-FDA registered lipsticks contained mercury concentration greater than the regulation. From the hypothesis testing, there were significant differences in the content of manganese and mercury between FDA and non-FDA registered lipsticks at the statistical significance level of 0.01.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Palawong, P., & Mahacharoen, T. (2020). Determination of Heavy Metals in FDA and Non FDA Registered lipsticks Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry. Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science, 6(2), 121-136. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/forensic/article/view/241083
Section
Research Articles

References

Bordo, Susan. (1993). Unbearable Weight. California: University California Press.

Chantharsaka, V. (2015). Analysis of heavy metals in lipstick on cotton using by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Master of Science Thesis University Khon Kaen, Khon kaen. (In Thai)

Charoensri, P. (2016). Heavy in cosmetic. Retrieved 28 November 2019. From
http://www.thailandlab.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Heavy-Metals-in-Cosmetics.pdf. (in Thai)

Faten, M. and Ali Zainy. (2017). “Heavy metals in lipstick products marketed in Saudi
Arabia.” Journal of Cosmetics. 7(3), pp. 336-348.

Khalid A et al. (2013). Determination of lead , cadmium, chromium, and nickel in different of lipsticks. Retrieved 20 November 2019. From https://www.academia.edu/27142554/Determination of lead Cadmium Chromium
and Nickel in Different Brands of lipsticks.
Mahacharoen, T. (2003). Determination of Methampheatamine in Human Hair. Master
of Science Thesis Mahidol University, Bangkok. (In Thai)
Notification of the Ministry of Health. (2016). Names of objects that must not be used
as ingredients in the manufacture of cosmetics. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
From http://www.fda.moph.go.th/sites/Cosmetic/ Laws.pdf. (in Thai)
Runsaiwathana, N. (1998). Analysis heavy metal in lipsticks. Master of Science Thesis Yala Rajabhat University, Yala. (in Thai)

Saisavatakul, C. (2007). What is lipsticks. Retrieved 10 November 2019. From http://lifestyle.campus-star.com/trendy/7595 .html (in Thai)

Sa Liu, S. Hammond, K. and Cheatham, A.R. (2013). “Concentrations and potential health risks of metals in lip products.” Environmental health perspectives. 12(6), pp. 705-710.