Determination of Heavy Metals in FDA and Non FDA Registered lipsticks Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry

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Ploypailin Palawong
Thiti Mahacharoen


The objective of this research was to compare the level of heavy metals contaminated in Food and Drug Administration (FDA) registered and non-FDA registered lipsticks. Eighteen most popular color lipstick samples (in red, nude pink and red-brown) were analyzed for harmful heavy metals, including mercury, cadmium, zinc, iron, manganese and lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) technique. Data were statistically analyzed by statistic t-test. The results showed that the FDA registered lipsticks were contaminated with zinc in the range of 11.35-43.62 mg/kg, iron in the range of 13.25-19.21 mg/kg, and manganese in the range of 11.38-14.9 mg/kg. Lead concentration was found only in the red color lipsticks under the range of 12.14-16.54 mg/kg. mercury and cadmium were undetected in FDA registered lipsticks. For non-FDA registered lipstick, it was found that the contaminated heavy metal were zinc in the range of 13.61-44.72 mg/kg, iron in the range of 10.59-22.73 mg/kg manganese in the range of 12.50-22.50 mg/kg and mercury in the range of 2.80-6.74 mg/kg. Cadmium was detected in one brand of non-FDA registered lipstick in the range of 5.00-5.87 mg/kg, whereas, only red color lipsticks showed lead concentration in the range of 12.58-15.5 mg/kg. Based on the Thai Industrial Standard and FDA, only 1 brand of non-FDA registered lipsticks contained greater amount of cadmium than the regulation while 3 brands of non-FDA registered lipsticks contained mercury concentration greater than the regulation. From the hypothesis testing, there were significant differences in the content of manganese and mercury between FDA and non-FDA registered lipsticks at the statistical significance level of 0.01.


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Palawong, P., & Mahacharoen, T. (2020). Determination of Heavy Metals in FDA and Non FDA Registered lipsticks Using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometry. Journal of Criminology and Forensic Science, 6(2), 121-136. Retrieved from
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