Main Article Content

Prasarn Sripongplerd
Rungson Chomya


The purpose of this research was to analyze the exploratory factor of moral courage of University Students in Northeastern Higher Education Institutions. The samples were 1,120 of 5 undergraduate year 1-4 undergraduate the academic year of 2019 Students in Northeastern Higher Education Institutions. They were chosen by multiple random sampling. The instrument used in this research was moral courage questionnaire for University Students in Northeastern Higher Education Institutions. There were 69 items with 5 rating scales by had division item between 0.212 – 0.674 and the reliabilities at 0.947. Data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis performed, using the principal component analysis with the orthogonal rotation by varimax method.

The research results was found that; there were 5 factors of moral courage of University Students; standing up for principles, recognize moral situation, moral behavior, and endurance of threats, contemplate the risks.

Article Details

Research Article


Fagin-Jones, S., & Midlarsky, E. (2007). Courageous altruism: Personal and situational correlates of rescue during the Holocaust. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2). 136-147.

Higher Education Commission. (2019). Sathitʻudomsưksā [Higher Education Statistics]. Retrieved from

Kidder, R. M. (2005). Moral courage: New York: Harper Coolin Publisher.

Kosai et al. (2008). rāingān kānwičhai kānsamrūat khunnatham čhariyatham khō̜ng naksưksā sākhā kānsưksā pathommawai [Research report of Survey on Morals and Ethics of Students in Early Childhood Education]. Faculty of Education Buriram Rajabhat University.

Lachman, V. D. (2007). Moral courage in action: case studies. Ethics law and Policy 16(4).

Mary Hesse. (1967). History of Ethics, (Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

Miller, W. I. (2005). Moral Courage: Definition and Development, Ethic Resource Center, March.

Moral Center. (2016). sathānakān khunnatham nai sangkhom Thai [Moral situation in Thai society]. Retrieved from

Moral Center. (2018). khrōngkān samrūat sathānakān khunnatham čhariyatham khō̜ng sangkhom Thai [Project to explore the moral and ethical situation of Thai society]. Meeting Documents.

Murray, J. S. (2010). Moral Courage in Healthcare: Acting Ethically Even in the Presence of Risk. OJIN: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. 15(3).

Namsuwan, P. (2012). kānphatthanā tūa bongchī khwām klāhān thāng čhariyatham khō̜ng khrū : kānthotsō̜p khwām mai prǣ plīan khō̜ng kān wat tām phūm lang khō̜ng khrū [The Development of Moral Courage Indicators of Teachers: Testing the Transformation of Teachers' Background Measurement]. Master of Education Educational Research Branch Department of Research and Educational Psychology. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University.

Pariyatthada, P. (2015). khwām klāhān thāng čhariyatham nai phra phut sātsanā thērawāt [Moral Courage in Theravada Buddhism.; Thesis Bachelor of Buddhism]. Graduate School, Bangkok: Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University.

Sekerka, E. L., Bagozzin, P. B., and Charnigo, R. (2009). Facing Ehical Challenges in the Workplace: Conceptualizing and Measuring Profession Moral Courage. Journal of Business Ethics, 89(4). 565-579.

Tabachick, G. & Fidell, S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics. United States of America. Allyn; & Bacon.

Thairuakham, S. (2012). sathiti khan sūng samrap kānwičhai thāngkān sưksā [Advanced statistics for educational]. Research. 2nd edition, Maha Sarakham: Mahasarakham University Press.