The Design of Vocabulary Exercises from a Synthesis of the Classroom-based Research
Keywords:Keywords: Classroom-based Research, Narrative Synthesis, Vocabulary Exercises
A synthesis of the research entitled “The Design of Vocabulary Exercises from a Synthesis of the Classroom-based Research” aimed to synthesize the classroom-based research on using and developing vocabulary exercises in terms of teaching materials development for vocabulary exercises to be designed. The resources are the three classroom-based studies of the researcher. The research instrument was a qualitative synthesis collected by means of 1) studying and analyzing the classroom-based research to select for a synthesis, 2) categorizing the studies which are the same purpose, 3) analyzing the contents in the studies to categorize the same contents, and 4) presenting the results of this qualitative synthesis. These qualitative data were analyzed by conducting narrative synthesis with content analysis. The findings of the synthesis revealed that:
1) the vocabulary exercises should be vocabulary games, for example, crossword puzzles and word search.
2) a variety of vocabulary exercises can solve the students’ problem of inability to remember the words.
3) the vocabulary exercises should be designed as matching the appropriate meaning (Th.) for each word so that technical terms in other fields can be applied in this kind of vocabulary exercises.
4) the vocabulary exercises of writing one sentence for each of the following words cannot solve the students’ problem of inability to understand the words because the students cannot write English correctly. For this reason, this type of vocabulary exercises should be removed.
Keywords: Classroom-based Research, Narrative Synthesis, Vocabulary Exercises
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