Self-Efficacy as the Mediator between OKRs Ability and OKRs Achievement

Main Article Content

Panisara Suebchaiwang
Jarin Jarusen

Abstract

Objective and Key Results (OKRs) are used as work performance indicators in the context of leveraging the diversity workforce ability. This technique has been used successfully by well-known technology organizations. Thai LAMBDA, a major construction company in Thailand, has used OKRs as a performance evaluation system since 2019 but the achievement of utilizing the system was lower than expected. Consequently, the research objectives are: (1) to explore the impact of two aspects of employee’s abilities which are Objective Alignment Ability (OBA) and Consistent Communication Ability (CCA) on the Individual OKRs Achievements (IOA), and (2) to examine whether Self-Efficacy (SEF) is a mediator between OBA and CCA, and IOA. Five-point scale questionnaires were used to collect data from 200 employees. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The findings showed that SEF was the mediator between OBA and IOA, but not between CCA and IOA. However, CCA had a direct effect on IOA. According to the results, the organization should raise employees’ self-efficacy, improve communication consistency, and enhance employee involvement to promote the individual OKRs' achievements (IOA).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Suebchaiwang ป., & Jarusen จ. (2022). Self-Efficacy as the Mediator between OKRs Ability and OKRs Achievement. Journal of Behavioral Science for Development, 14(1), 57–74. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JBSD/article/view/250756
Section
Research Article

References

Abd-Elmotaleb, M., & Saha, S. (2013). The Role of Academic Self-Efficacy as a Mediator Variable between Perceived Academic Climate and Academic Performance. Journal of Education and Learning, 2(3), 117-129. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v2n3p117.

Asmamaw, A. (2018). Factors and Influences of Self-Regulation Learning Among Sport Science Undergraduate Students in Ethiopian Universities. The International Journal Research Publication’s Research Journal of Social & Management, 8(7), 72-96.

Arnstein, P. (2009). The mediation of disability by self- efficacy in different samples of chronic pain patients. Disability and Rehabilitation, 22(17), 794-801. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638280050200296

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. Freeman.

Barnard, C. I. (1968). The Functions of the Executive (Vol. 11). Harvard University Press.

Barsukova, O. (2014) Professional ambition: Ambition as a motive of professional and career

development of person. JPMNT International, 2(2), 95-98.

Bucăta, G. & Ruzescu, A.M. (2017). The role of communication in enhancing work effectiveness of an organization. Land Forces Academy Review, 12(1), 49-56. https://doi.org/10.1515/raft-2017-0008.

Castro, F. (2019). The Beginner’s Guide to OKR. https://felipeCastro.com/en/okr/creating_alignment

Čudanov, M., Ondrej J., & Gheorghe S. (2010). Interrelationships of organization size and

information and communication technology adoption. Journal of Applied

Quantitative Method, 4(3), 159-187.

Da Fonseca, A. L. (2018). Objectives and Key Results in the classroom: A framework for practice development on goal setting.

https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:27a16f6b-1aa8-4e32-b384-70c894d624ed

Deloitte Access Economics publications. (2016). Business Outlook. https://www2.Deloitte.com/au/en/pages/finance/articles/dae-publications-subscribe.html

Dessler, G. (2013). Human Resource Management (13rd ed.). Prentice Hall.

De Vries, R. E., Van den Hoff, B., & De Ridder, J. A. (2006). Explaining knowledge sharing: The role of team communication styles, job satisfaction, and performance beliefs. Communication Research, 33(2), 115-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0093650205285366

Doerr, J. (2018). Measure What Matters: How Google, Bono, and the Gates Foundation Rock the World with OKRs. Penguin.

FitzPatrick, L., & Valskov, K. (2015). Internal communications: A manual for practitioners. Amazon Digital Services.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable

variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.2307/3151312

Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis. Pearson Prentice Hall.

Iqbal, M. Z., Akbar, S., & Budhwar, P. (2015). Effectiveness of Performance Appraisal: An Integrated Framework. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(4), 510-533. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12050

Jones, A. B., Sherman R. A., & Hogan R. (2016). Where is Ambition in Factor Models of Personality? Personality and Individual Differences, 106(1), 26-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.09.057

Judge, T. A., & Kammeyer-Mueller, J. D. (2012). On the value of aiming high: The causes and consequences of ambition. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97(4), 758–775. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028084

Kaplan, R. S., & Norton, D. P. (1996). The Balanced Scorecard. Harvard Business School Press.

Locke, E. A. & Latham G. P., (2002). Building a Practically Useful Theory of Goal Setting and Task Motivation. American Psychologist, 57(9), 705-717.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.57.9.705

Locke, E. A. (2004). Goal setting theory and its applications to the world of business. Academy

of Management Executive, 18(4), 124-125.

Loughlin, C., & Barling, J. (2001). Young workers’ work values, attitudes and behaviours. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 74(4), 543-558. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317901167514

Mello, F. S. (2016). OKRs, from mission to metrics.

https://qulture.rocks/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/the-ultimate-guide-to-okrs.pdf

Niven, P., & Lamorte, B. (2016). Objectives and Key Results: Driving Focus, Alignment, and

Engagement with OKRs. Wiley.

Nunnally, J. C. (1967). Psychometric Theory. McGraw-Hill.

Panchadsaram, R., & Prince, S. (2020). What Is an OKR? Definition and Examples. What Matters. https://www.whatmatters.com/faqs/okr-meaning-definition-example

Parmenter, D. (2009). Key Performance Indicators: Developing, Implementing, and Using Winning KPIs. Wiley.

Purcell, J. (2006). Best practice and best fit: chimera or cul-de-sac? Human Resource Management Journal, 9(3), 26-41. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.1999.tb00201.x

Radonić, M. (2017). OKR system as the reference for personal and organizational objectives. From References to Originality, 7(2), 28-37.

Raza, H., Mahmood, J., Owais, M., & Raza, A. (2015). Impact of employee empowerment on job

satisfaction of employees in corporate banking sector employees of Pakistan. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 5(2), 1-7.

Reynolds, N. R., Martin, F., Nanyonga, R. C., & Alonzo, A. A. (2012). Self-regulation: The Common-Sense Model of illness representation. In V. H. Rice (Ed.). Handbook of stress, coping, and health: Implications for nursing research, theory, and practice. Sage.

Richmond, V., McCroskey, J., & McCroskey, L. (2005). Organizational Communication for Survival: Making Work, Work. Allyn & Bacon.

Rogers, E. M., & Agarwala-Rogers, R. (1976). Communication in organizations. Free Press.

Swansburg, R. (1996). Management and Leadership for Nurse Management. Jones and Bartlett.

Trevor, J., & Varcoe, B. (2017, February 7). How Aligned Is Your Organization? https://hbr.org/2017/02/how-aligned-is-your-organization

Tunguz, T. (2018). An Ode to the OKR-How to Motivate Greater Ambition in Teams.

https://tomtunguz.com/okrs-google-doerr

Yvanovich, R. (2019, December 26). A Brief History of Goal Management: From MBO to SMART, KPI, and OKR. https://blog.trginternational.com/a-brief-history-of-goal-management.

Zhou, H., & He, Y. (2018). Comparative Study of OKR and KPI. International Conference on E-commerce and Contemporary Economic Development (ECED 2018). DEStech Transactions on ECONOMICS, BUSINESS and MANAGEMENT.

Zimmerman, B. J. (2002). Becoming a Self-Regulation Learner: An Overview. Theory into Practice, 41(2), 64-70.