Development of personal growth initiatives, self-leadership and self-directed learning in English among of Thai undergraduate students for the free flow of skilled labor in the ASEAN community

Main Article Content

Pichamon Boonsit
Wichuda Kijtorntham
Numchai Supparerkchaisakul

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to 1) to study change over period of time with variables consisting of personal growth initiatives, self-leadership, learning environment, learning motivation and self-directed language learning; 2) to study the causal relationships of cross-lagged self-directed language learning; and 3) to study the change among variables over a period of time, through university learning experience and participation in activities inside and outside the university by using a mixed-methods explanatory sequential design. In phase one, the quantitative research, there were two hundred Thai undergraduate students for the free flow of skilled labor in the ASEAN community. The questionnaires had five measures and were used three times, including the Latent Growth Curve Model and the Structural Equation Modeling were applied to test two hypotheses. Phase two consisted of qualitative research and in-depth interviews were conducted with ten key informants from phase one of the research sample, with the average score increasing in the same manner as in the first phase of the research.


The research findings from phase one were as follows: 1) The latent growth curve model of all variables fit with the empirical data, significantly increased over a period of time; 2) there were cross-lagged causal relationships; some variables were correlated with themselves at different points in time, some of the ahead causal variables had an effect on some of the next effect variables, while some of the ahead effect variables had an effect to some of next causal variables. In phase two, the research found that there are two types of changes, increasing and decreasing, due to the context of teaching and learning activities in the university curriculum and there were continuously increasing changes, regardless of the teaching context and learning activities in the university curriculum.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boonsit, P., Kijtorntham, W., & Supparerkchaisakul, N. (2020). Development of personal growth initiatives, self-leadership and self-directed learning in English among of Thai undergraduate students for the free flow of skilled labor in the ASEAN community. Journal of Behavioral Science for Development, 12(2), 45-62. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JBSD/article/view/239950
Section
Research Article

References

Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN]. (2016). ASEAN Tourism Ministers to Launch Tourism Skills Standards. http://asean.org/asean-tourism-ministers-to-launch-tourism-skills-standards/

Bharathi, P. (2014). Self–directed learning and learner autonomy in English language teacher education: Emerging trends. ELT Voices – India International Journal for teachers of English, 4(1), 1-9.

Brockett, R. G., & Hiemstra, R. (1991). Self-Direction in Adult Learning: Perspectives on Theory, Research, and Practice. Routledge.

Bryant, A., & Kazan, A. L. (2012). Self-leadership: How to Become a More Successful, Efficient, and Effective Leader from the Inside Out. McGraw-Hill Education.

Choochom, O., Sucaromana, A., & Chuawanlee, W. (2000). Kānphatthanā bǣp wat rǣng čhūngčhai phāinai [Development of intrinsic motivation scale]. Warasan Phuettikammasat, 6(1), 83-96.

Chumtanti, N. (2008). Radap khwām phrō̜m nai kān rīanrū dūai kān chīnam tonʻēng khō̜ng nisit chan pī thī nưng wichā ʻēk phāsā ʻAngkrit [Self-directed learning readiness level of the first year students majoring in English]. Journal of Humanities Naresuan University, 5(2), 63-83.

Coertjens, L., Donche, V., De Maeyer, S., Vanthournout, G., & Van Petegem, P. (2013). Modeling change in learning strategies throughout higher education: A multi-indicator latent growth perspective. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e67854.

Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research (2nd ed.). Sage Publications, Inc.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis (6th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall.

Jaiyen, S. (2002). Tūaprǣ thī kīeokhō̜ng kap khwāmsāmāt nai kān rīanrū dūai tonʻēng khō̜ng naksưksā nai rōngrīan thī pœ̄t sō̜n rabop kānsưksā thāng klai nai khēt bāng khēn Krung Thēp Mahā Nakhō̜n [Variable related to self-directed learning abilities of students in distance education school in khet Bangkhen, Bangkok] (Master’s thesis). Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok.

Kearney, M. W. (2017). Cross-lagged panel analysis. In M. R. Allen (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods. Sage.

Khajornsin, S. (1995). Miti mai khō̜ng kitčhakān naksưksā sō̜ng: kānphatthanā naksưksā [New Dimension of Student Affairs 2: Student Development]. Kasem Bundit University.

Knowles, M. S. (1975). Self-Directed Learning. Follet.

Knowles, M. S. (1984). The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species (3rd ed.). Gulf Publishing.

Knowles, M. S., Holton, E. F., & Swanson, R. A. (1998). The Adult Learner: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development (5th ed.). Butterworth Heinemann.

Manz, C. C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 585-600.

Office of the Education Council. (1999). Phrarātchabanyat kānsưksā hǣng chāt Phō̜.Sō̜. 2542 [National Education Act B.E. 2542]. https://www.bic.moe.go.th/images/stories/Porrorbor2542.pdf.

Office of the Higher Education Commission. (2010). Yutthasāt ʻudomsưksā Thai nai kāntē rī yom khwām phrō̜m sū kān pen prachākhom ʻĀsīan nai pī 2558 [Thai Higher Education Strategy in Preparing to Become an ASEAN Community in 2015]. Bangkok Block Partnership Limited.

Prasert, S. (2011). Phon khō̜ng kānphatthanā rǣng čhūngčhai phāinai nai kān rīanrū læ khwāmsāmāt nai kān rīanrū dūai kānnam tonʻēng thī mī tō̜ phrưttikamkān rīanrū dūai kānnam tonʻēng khō̜ng naksưksā mahāwitthayālai rātchaphat čhanthra kasēm [The effects of development of intrinsic motivation learning and self-directed learning ability on self-directed learning behavior of Chandrakasem Rajabhat University students]. Warasan Phuettikammasat, 17(2), 53-68.

Prasitratn, O. (2002). Saphāpwǣtlō̜m kān rīanrū [Learning Environment]. Encylopedia of Education, 25, 57-64.

Robitschek, C. (1998). Personal growth initiative: The construct and its measure. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 30(4), 183-198.

Robitschek, C., & Cook, S. W. (1999). The influence of personal growth initiative and coping behavior on career exploration and vocational identity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54(1), 127-141.

Sarnrattana, W. (2014). Phāwa phū nam: Thritsadī læ nānā thatsana rūamsamai patčhuban [Leadership: Theory and Contemporary Perspectives]. Thipphayawisut Partnership Limited.

Sims, H. P., & Lorenzi, P. (1992). The New Leadership Paradigm: Social Learning and Cognition in Organizations. Sage.

Sucaromana, U. (2007). Kānsưksā læ kānsāng prōkrǣm kānphatthanā rǣng čhūngčhai phāinai nai kān rīanrū samrap nakrīan chan matthayommasưksā pī thī sō̜ng thī mī phon samrit thāngkān rīan tamkwā radap khwāmsāmāt [A study and programme development of learning intrinsic motivation of underachievers in mathayom suksa II]. Warasan Phuettikammasat, 13(1), 81-90.

Synder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (Eds.). (2002). Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford University Press.

The Department of ASEAN Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2013). ASEAN Mini Book. Page Maker Co., Ltd.

Van Rensburg, G. H., & Botma, Y. (2015). Bridging the gap between self-directed learning of nurse educators and effective student support. Curationis, 38(2), 1503-1510.

Wimmers, P. F., & Lee, M. (2015). Identifying longitudinal growth trajectories of learning domains in problem-based learning: A latent growth curve modeling approach using SEM. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 20(2), 467-478.

Woothiwongsa, N. (2014). Konlayut sāng rǣng čhūngčhai: Kānphatthanā thaksa phāsā ʻAngkrit [Motivational strategies: Enhancing English language skills]. Executive Journal, 34(1), 89-97.