Development of History Instruction Based on Group Investigation and Magic If Approaches to Promote Historical Thinking Skills and Historical Empathy of Upper Secondary School Students


  • ศุภณัฐ พานา Chulalongkorn University
  • ยศวีร์ สายฟ้า Chulalongkorn University
  • วลัย อิศรางกูร ณ อยุธยา Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University




This research aimed to develop and study the effectiveness of history instruction to promote historical thinking skills and historical empathy of upper secondary school students based on Group Investigation and Magic If approaches. This is a research and development that the experiment in instructional process had been implement for 15 weeks. The research procedure was divided into 2 phrases: phrase one was to develop a history instruction based on Group Investigation and Magic If approaches and phrase two was to experiment the developed instructional process. The target group composed of 31 secondary school students in Matayom 5. The data collection tools include of performance test in historical thinking skills and performance test in historical empathy. The result of the research could be summarized as follows; 1. a history instruction based on group investigation and magic if approaches consisted of Principle, Guidelines, Preparation, Teaching procedure 5 steps, called “TIMER”. They are (1) Talk about historical issue, (2) Imagination about the past, (3) Manage evidence, (4) Exploration through time, and (5) Refection to the past, along with Measurement and Evaluation 2. The quality of this instructional method, students had historical thinking and historical empathy higher result at .05 significance and had a change of historical thinking skills and historical empathy better.


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Author Biographies

ศุภณัฐ พานา, Chulalongkorn University

Ph.D. Candidate in Curriculum and Instruction Division, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University

ยศวีร์ สายฟ้า, Chulalongkorn University

Lecturer in Elementary Education Division, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University

วลัย อิศรางกูร ณ อยุธยา, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University

Lecturer in Curriculum and Instruction Program, School of Educational Studies, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University



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