Architectural Composition for Utilities and Spatial Connection in Modern Thai Architecture

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Santirak Prasertsuk


This research paper attempts to investigate modern Thai architectural identity with a focus on architectural composition for utilities and spatial connection, including aspects of inheritance, transformation and reinvention. The research objectives comprise of: 1) Reviewing concepts, theories from academic works and architectural case studies; 2) Making architectural surveys in various regions of Thailand; 3) Investigating the concepts of buildings via both direct and electronic interviews of architects and academics; 4) Examining perception and significant perceptual dimensions through factor analysis, of professional architects and people in general; 5) Analysing the research findings leading to the conclusion of concepts and styles as well as analysis regarding the aspects of inheritance, transformation and reinvention; 6) Conclusions and recommendations on the application of modern Thai identity, including suggestions for future uses and research.

The results of this research consist of the following: Architectural composition for utilities: composition and planning of traditional Thai houses have been conceptually applied to modern Thai buildings with a concern for present contexts, such as the dissemination of a building’s mass into smaller components grouped around a central space, the arrangement of central spaces for multiple purposes, planning for future extensions, and planning for spatial connection. Architectural composition for spatial connection: this manifests aesthetically the eastern spirit- i.e. living in harmony with nature. One of the design approaches is, for example, the planning of modern Thai buildings that connect inside to outside areas in relation to the aesthetic quality of light found in the sequential flow of similar spaces in a Thai house – from rather dark areas (room/cabin) to shaded areas (verandah) to bright areas (terrace/courtyard/garden).


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