Universal Design Guidelines for Pontoon Pier : Moo-7 Pier (Kru Tew Pier), Ko Kret Island and Pak Kret Pier, Nonthaburi

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Sujitra Jiravanichkul
Sirinkaanta Pongprasert
Trirat Jarutach


Objectives of this research are 1) to study the current conditions of pontoons which passengers need to come across travelling from Pak Kret Pier to Moo-7 Pier (Kru Tew Pier) on Ko Kret Island 2) to analyze and improve the pontoons and 3) to propose pontoon for all design guidelines. The data collection tools include surveys of the physical condition of the pontoons and structured interviews of passenger satisfaction of the conditions. The data and information were obtained by observation, surveying, and interview. Nine participants who live on Ko Kret Island, which include those with persons with physical disability and the elderly who can travel with and without an assistant, were interviewed individually.

The result was found that at Pak Kret Pier and Moo-7 Pier, showed the difference between the lower end of the gangway and the pontoon levels and the difference between the pontoon and the boat levels. The guardrails were installed only partially. There were none of the boarding assistance zone for disabled or wheelchair people. Most of the participants did not feel that the pontoons’ physical conditions were hindering them from travelling as they were used to it. However, they agreed that the conditions should be improved. Therefore, as a design guideline, the pontoons for all should be made both piers. The connection between the lower end of the gangway and the pontoon should install ramp, landing and stairs. The connection between the pontoon and the boat should install a foldable boarding ramp. The gangway should be adjusted to a proper slope, and equipped with handrails on both sides. Guardrails should be installed around the pontoons completely. Boarding assistance zone should be allocated with the boarding assistance sign or international symbol of access which should be painted on the pontoon platform. In addition, a large pontoon for all sign should also be put up for all to see clearly.

            Relevant organizations could incorporate the guideline to their development plans. This should be more convenience and safety for passengers of the general, children, elderly person, tourists, bicycle riders, cart users, wheelchair users, mobility or visual-impaired persons, etc.


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