The Participatory Process in the Development of Housing and Community Comfortable Living Performance Standards

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Tirawat Pimwern


The research aims to evaluate the participatory process in Community Comfortable Living Performance Standards to provide a better guideline for community participation under Participatory Action Research (PAR) conceptual framework. According to PAR, the participatory process in stakeholders network making was emphasized. The other participatory processes such as workshop, study trips, in-dept interviews and public hearing were included which was the development of knowledge and measurement of Housing and Community Living Performance Standards. All stakeholders, including National Housing Authority (NHA), local authority, community leaders and community members participated in all processes to achieve Community Comfortable Living Performance Standards. Even though, the participatory process conformed with participatory theories, the result has shown that it reached level 4 out of 5 levels. This was because community members were not able to evaluate themselves without guidances from the researcher. To achieve the highest scale of participation, 1) the researcher should thoroughly understand needs and behaviours of all stakeholders and the target groups 2) all stakeholders are significant variables, contributing to obtaining quality of data collected and shortening time consumed during the participatory process and 3) the design of participatory tools and process are also important to encourage and promote a genuine participatory process. Finally, the findings of this paper would be a useful guideline to the participatory processes in future housing and community development projects elsewhere.


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