Comfortable Living Design for Vihara and Sim

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Vitul Lieorungruang
Rawiwan Oranratmanee
Phisith Sihalarth
Sithixay Insisiengmay


The research is a study and an analysis of the design for comfortable living in public building which
is an ordinary hall, or vihara in Chiang Mai and sim in Luang Prabang. The primary data indicated the
similarity in location and topography, weather, climate, historical and social background. The field data
collection on the architectural and technical design concerning comfort, such as thermal and lighting
comfort, could be used for comparing factors affecting the buildings chosen for this study. It is found that
the conventional design and the passive design using local intelligence can bring about the adaptation and
design for the better comfort in the buildings and application of knowledge for the development of modern
architectural design in Chiang Mai and Luang Prabang. The local intelligence for building design was
categorized as site selection, building orientation, building designs, shading devices and opening designs,
building envelopes and materials, comfort designs, daylighting designs, user behaviors and other
considerations. The results of this research are able to confirm that local intelligence could be applied to
modern architectural design aimed at a combination with active design for much more efficiency in energy
conservation at present.


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