Using the Kernel Density Estimation Surface for Criminal Pattern: A Case Study in Phranakhon District, Bangkok

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Monthon Yiampisan
Manat Srivanit


Crime mapping devoted to detecting high-crime-density areas known as hot spots. The hot spot analysis
helps planners or police identify high-crime areas, types of crime being committed, and the best way to
respond. This paper discusses the hot spot analysis using the Kernel Density Estimation. The method used for
data analysis and displayed results included an application of the Geographic Information System (GIS) supplementary
to discussion. GIS technology can help analyze information, such as types of crime by location, victim
population groups served and underserved, and the location of victim service organizations and their
geographic service areas. This information can be used to examine the availability of basic services and the
sufficiency of services for specialized population groups. It can visually display multiple funding sources in a
geographic area to help in a fair distribution of resources. It can be extremely useful in developing strategic
program and financial plans for the maintenance and development of victim services.


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