Urban Legacy of Berlin

Main Article Content

Pondej Chaowarat


This article examines the urban legacy of Berlin in two areas: 1) the urban form used as a design guideline
for Urban Renewal since the German Unification in 1989, originating from the Industrial Revolution era, and
2) Guidelines for public consultation, which are used in the urban renewal process. The study found that the
particular urban form promoted as unique to Berlin consists of 1) tenement houses in height unexceeded 22
meters, with a façade of natural stone 2) corridor streets and 3) public squares. The emulation of its urban
legacy through urban renewal reinforces and accentuates Berlin’s urban identity.

As for the second issue, the public consultation appears in urban renewal processes in Berlin in a variety
of forms and covers a wide range of levels. Examples of such activities are the special committee, the public
hearing and the presentation of the results of design competitions through various public media. Such procedures
initiate dialogues among people which shape public understanding, awareness of a project’s importance and
also its acceptance; and eventually successful urban renewal with a balance of physical, economic and social


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



AG Spreeufer. (2008). Spreeufer für alle [Spree shore for all]. Retrieved March 2011, from http://www.spreeuferfuer-alle.de/

Berlin Airport. (2011). Berlin Brandenburg Airport. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.berlin-airport.de/DE/BER/WeLoveBER/index.html

Bing Maps. (2011). Berlin. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.bing.com/mapsBodenschatz, H. (2010). Berlin urban design: A brief history. Berlin: A Dom publishers.

Bodenschatz, H., Duewel, J., Gutschow, N., & Stimmann, H. (2009). Berlin und seine Bauten, Teil I – Staedtebau [Berlin and its buildings, Part I - Urban]. Berlin: A Dom publishers.

Building Exhibition Berlin. (1987). Internationale Bauausstellung Berlin 1987 [International building exhibition Berlin 1987] (Project Report). Berlin: Building Exhibition Berlin.

BZ. ( 2011). Mediaspree wird zur Mercedes-Spree [Media Spree becomes the Mercedes-Spree]. Retrieved March 2011, from http://www.bz-berlin.de/

Carmon, N. (1999). Three generations of urban renewal policies, analysis and policy implications. Journal of Geoforum, 30, 145-158.

Collins. (2011). English dictionary. Retrieved March 2011, from http://www.collinsdictionary.com/

Deutsche Stadt-und Grundstuecksentwicklungsgesellschaft. (2007). The capital city of Berlin: 15 years of development measure. Berlin: Senatsverwaltung fuer Stadtentwicklung.

Fay. (2011). Fay Projects. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.fay.de

Federal Department of Building and Regional Planning. (2011). Berliner Schloss/Humboldt-Forum, Neubau fü r kulturelle und wissenschaftliche Zwecke [Berlin Palace/ Humboldt forum, a new building for cultural and scientific purposes]. Retrieved March 2011, from http://www.bbr.bund.de/

German Federal Republic. (1993). Realisierungswettbewerb Umbau des Reichstagsgebaeudes zum Deutschen Bundestag [Design competition for renovation of the German Parliament]. Berlin: BSM.

Gibson, F. K., & Prathes, J. E. (1977). Does anything work? evaluating social programs. Beverly Hills: Sage.

Google Maps. (2011). Berlin. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://maps.google.com

Hämer, H. (2010). Behutsame stadterneuerung [Cautious urban renewal]. Retrieved March 2011, from www.sanierung-berlin.de/

Hegemann, W. (1930). Das steinerne Berlin: Geschichte der groessten Mietkasernenstadt der Welt [The stony Berlin: History of the largest tenement house city of the World]. Berlin: Kiepenheuer.

Helman, M. (2007). Mediaspree und der neoliberale Stadtumbau [Media Spree and the neoliberal urban restructuring]. Retrieved June, 2011, from http://www.abriss-berlin.de

Hirsch, E. D. (2002). New dictionary of cultural literacy. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Hutter, R., & Dickmeis, H. (2007). Der Trend geht zum Loft [The trend goes to the loft]. Retrieved June, 2011, from http://www.jungle-world.com

Karssenberg, H. (2007). The twelve priniciples for cautious urban renewal. Berlin. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.inspiringcities.org

Krajewski, C., & Schumann, W. (2006). Stadt-Entwicklungen in Berlin seit 1990, eine Einfuehrung durch die Herausgeber [Urban development in Berlin since 1990, an introduction by the editors]. In C. Krajewski, &

W. Schumann, (Eds.), Berlin-Stadt-Entwicklungen zwischen Kiez und Metropole seit der Wiedervereinigung [Berlin City-development between neighborhood and metropolis since the unification]. Muenster: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Angewandte Geographie. Muenster e.V.

Ladd, B. (1997). The Ghosts of Berlin. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Lee, F., & Hebel, C. (2007). Kreuzberger pfeifen auf Entertainment [Kreuzberg whistle on Entertainment]. Retrieved June, 2011, from http://www.taz.de

OECD. (2001). Citizens as Partners: OECD Handbook on information, consultation and public participation in policy-making. France: OECD Publishing.

Pujinda, P. (2007). การบูรณะฟื้นฟูระดับเมืองด้วยโครงสร้างพื้นฐานด้านการขนส่งและจราจรระดับภาค [Urban renewal with regional transport and traffic infrastructure]. Proceeding of the Regional and Urban Planning Conference, Chulalongkorn University.

Saurer, L. (2011). Projects. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.landschaftsarch.ch/

Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment. (2011a). Alexanderplatz. Staedtebau [Alexander Square Urban Construction]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de

Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment. (2011b). Berlin Brandenburg International. Planen [Berlin Brandenburg International. Plans]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de

Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment. (2011c). Zukunftsraum Historische Mitte [Future space of the historic Mitte]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de

Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment. (2011d). Leitbild Spreeraum FriedrichshainKreuzberg [Model Spree space Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de

Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment. (2011e). Hauptstadt Berlin: Dokumentation. Staedtebau [Capital City Berlin: Documentation. Urban construction]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de

Senatsverwaltung fuer Bau- und Wohnungswesen, Berlin. (1996). Project fuer die Hauptstadt Berlin [Project for the Capital City Berlin]. Berlin: Stadt Berlin.

Stadtwandel. (2008). O2 World Berlin. Berlin: Stadtwandel Verlag. TAZ. (2008). Mediaspree ist Ansichtssache [Media Spree is a matter of opinion]. Retrieved March 2011, from http://www.taz.de/

Urbika. (2010). Humboldtforum [Humboldt Forum]. Retrieved March 2011, http://www.urbika.com/

Verein Entwicklungsgemeinschaft Alexanderplatz. (1994). Alexander platz: Urban planning ideas competition [Alexander platz: Urban Planning Ideas Competition]. Berlin: Ernst & Sohn.

Wikipedia. (2011). Mediaspree [Media Spree]. Retrieved March, 2011, from http://www.wikipedia.org

Worldbank. (2011). GDP. Data. Retrieved June, 2011, from http://www.worldbank.org