Strategies for Construction Waste Reduction in Small Residential Buildings

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Sucha Kittiwararat
Pusit Lertwattanaruk


Growth of construction industry and expansion of small residential projects cause an increase in construction waste. According to previous research, construction debris frequently makes up approximately 30% of the waste received at many landfill sites. In Bangkok, construction wastes account for approximately 0.5% of all wastes generated each day. This research studied the factors causing architectural wastes generated by the design process and project operation of small residential building project. Research methods included the analysis of construction drawings of the model houses, and the material balance method for calculating the waste generated from the design process and project operation. The physical survey and interview according to USEPA principles were included. The guidelines for project administration to reduce construction wastes from sources and to enhance the construction process were presented. It was found that the ceiling works caused the most construction material waste in the design process. Consequently, better management of construction materials and project planning can reduce construction waste in construction sites.


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