Chronological Study of Physical Elements of Housing Estate Development Project in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

Main Article Content

Siwaporn Klinmalai


This research focuses on physical modifications to housing real estate following a period of development in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. The scope of this study encompassed project and dwelling unit scale and analysis of these physical modifications. The study was conducted in three phases; first, a chronological study of housing real estate development according to political, economic, and regulatory factors including the National Economic and Social development plan was performed. The housing real estate development timeline was divided into seven discrete periods from 1957 to 2015. In 1967, the government sector initiated the first housing development project by selling land and dwelling units that became a prototype of housing development for the private sector. The second phase entailed study area selection; areas were screened for average number of dwelling units per year and were selected for those with continued growth across periods. The district selected for physical modification study was the Prawet district, with 16 housing projects therein chosen for analysis. The third phase comprised of analysis the physical elements of the research study area. The study found that the location of new housing projects over this time has shifted from middle-Bangkok to more outer areas. The ratio between common and residential areas by project was approximately 30:70. Physical modifications to dwellings revealed four common types; roof extension, space extension, side extension, or extensions for other purposes. A steady increase in unit width was revealed as well. In conclusion, housing developments have been modified by residents according to their daily needs. Developers should take note of these changes to support a better quality of life for residents in the future.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



Galster, G., Royce, H., Wolman, H., Coleman, S., and Freihage, J. (2001). Wrestling sprawl to the ground: defining and measuring an elusive concept. Housing Policy Debate, 681-717.

Horayangkura, V. (1993). Development of architectural concept and configuration: Past, present and future. Bangkok: Association of Siamese Architects Nationals.

Klinmalai, S., & Kanki, K. (2013). Neighborhood relationship assessment between inside and outside gated housing projects in sprawl area of Bangkok Metropolitan Region - The Case of Pathumthani Province where the different Gated Housing projects and Farmer villages are located adjacently. Journal of the city planning institute of Japan, 48, 279 - 284.

Klinmalai, S. (2014). Effect evaluation of gated housing projects accumulated in suburban residential areas of Bangkok Metropolitan Region. (Doctoral dissertation). Kyoto University, Japan.

Saksrimaneekul, K. (2007). Development estate juristic entity and legal consequences after the registration of the establishment. Bangkok: Dhurakij Pundit University.

Tiptus, P., & Bongsadadt, M. (1983). Houses in Bangkok: Style and transformation in 200 years (1782 - 1982). Bangkok: Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University.