Transformation and Reconstruction of Low-Income Housing: A Case Study of Bang Phli New Town, Samutprakarn Province

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Poomchai Punpairoj


The purpose of this paper is to study the transformation and reconstruction of low-income housing project developed by the National Housing Authority. Uses of land and buildings are categorized into type and form to consider the problem and Thai housing policy in the late 1970s and 1980s, which has continued for many decades. The study of the policy’s output will be presented to various Thai housing organizations. The case study is the housing project of the Bang Phli New Town, which was developed in Samutprakarn province. This project provided housing for low-income people and supported the growth of industrial zone in the vicinity of Bangkok since the 1980s. The study is a descriptive research with data collection from field-surveys and focus at the evolution of the community and housing project development during the last four decades. The methods mainly are survey supporting with questionnaire and interview.

Four issues are revealed as follows: 1) the site and service housing project needs to have appropriate guideline and control action; 2) the single storey and two-storey row houses have more changes than the other building types and always have been developed from many title deeds to a dormitory; 3) the duplex houses are usually dismantled for build a new building with single title deeds; 4) most of the extension parts of core houses and new construction for rental purpose do not follow the Building Control Act, which impact to insufficient safety, hygiene, well-being, and failure of building systems.Keywords Low - Income Housing Housing Transformation Dynamic Site-and-services Project Core House Reconstruction


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