Classroom Space Design to Enhance Learning in Pre-school Children, Highland Phayao Province

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Nilubon Puraprom


The population of children in the highlands of Phayao Province grows at a high rate every year. It was found that the pre-school children faced problems of self-preparation for learning in schools due to two main factors: traveling and the readiness of their family. This paper aims to form activity program and design classroom activity space through studying the learning behavior of highland pre-school children in Baan Pang Poo Lo, Phayao Province. Data are collected from three population groups: children age 3-5 years, teachers, and parents. The study found that learning activities in the classroom consist of 7 main types, using 4 areas in the classroom. Therefore, more space within a classroom should be allocated to these activities and arranged the accessibility of each area by 1) High activity area for activities that develop large muscles, cognitive skills, language skills as well as emotional and psychological growth 2) Reading and writing area for activities that develop imagination and creativity 3) Independent area for activities that develop small muscles 4) Storage area for activities that develop social skills. The areas are arranged so that the high activity area is connected and accessible to all areas to encourage emotional and psychological development and learning of pre-school children in the highlands.


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