A Study of Ethical Leadership in Private Organization

Main Article Content

Athiwat Jiawiwatkul
Sarun Kunwittaya
Khanokporn Donjdee


The objectives of this study were to (1) investigate the meaning and components of ethical leadership in private organizations; and (2) develop a tool to measure and analyze the components of ethical leadership in private organizations. A mixed-methods approach was used in this study. The qualitative data were collected through in-depth interviews with a total of 20 executives from private organizations. The quantitative data were gathered from 400 executives/supervisors in private organizations using the ethical leadership questionnaire. The qualitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis, while the quantitative data were analyzed using confirmatory factor analysis.

According to the findings, ethical leadership refers to the ability of individuals to lead an organization by exhibiting behavior that demonstrates ethics in themselves and can incentivize employees to consider the public's interests. Fairness, power sharing, ethical guidance, people orientation, integrity, role clarification, and concern for sustainability are the seven components of ethical leadership. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results of the ethical leadership model were found to be consistent with the empirical data (gif.latex?\chi2=528.32; df=393; p=0.081; gif.latex?\chi2/df =1.34; RMSEA=0.043; SRMR=0.044; CFI=0.99; TLI=0.98). Factor loading for the seven components of ethical leadership ranged from 0.83-0.97, with a statistical significance of 0.01 level. The ethical leadership components and tools in private organizations should be used to promote ethical leadership, which will help create ethical behavior in the organization.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jiawiwatkul, A., Kunwittaya, S., & Donjdee, K. (2022). A Study of Ethical Leadership in Private Organization. Journal of Arts Management, 6(2), 794–809. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jam/article/view/255177
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