Concept of “Khok Nong Na Model” for Sustainable Development

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Phramaha Hansa Dhammahaso
Phrakrupalad Adisak Pimnon
Sakchai Sakabucha
Nadnapang Phophichit


The “Khok Nong Na Model” concept aims to organize the land for gardening, cultivating plants, excavating a pool, and constructing housing. In ancient times, it was regarded as a high-class work that was passed down from generation to generation, as a fertility symbol, an art, and an exercise in combining various organic agricultural practices into one area. “Khok Nong Na” consists of the following components: (1) “Khok” refers to mounds for cultivating three different types of plants that provide four different types of benefits, (2) “Nong” refers to the excavation of swamps, canals, or ditches that is called “Khlong Sai Kai”, and (3) "Na" refers to a farm for cultivating organic rice, which includes soil rehabilitation management and sustainable organic farming to allow tiny life to survive on the land. Satisfaction and trust in polyculture rather than monoculture are required to make the “Khok Nong Na” concept a reality. Farmers, for example, must work diligently and take action, have leadership in farming, support one another in the family or among farming groups, and find new ideas about farming through exchanging learning experiences with other farmers in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This will contribute to physical development by improving people's livelihoods, providing fresh air in the area with good surroundings, promoting a healthy body and good mental health, creating a peaceful and fertile environment, and maintaining peace in the community even in times of danger or crisis. The area of “Khok Nong Na” is also a source of food for the community to support each other selflessly and provide possibilities for a secure life for their families by having a career that directly addresses the requirements of sustainable development in a tangible way.

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Dhammahaso, P. H. ., Pimnon, P. A., Sakabucha , S. . ., & Phophichit, N. . (2022). Concept of “Khok Nong Na Model” for Sustainable Development. Journal of Arts Management, 6(1), 419–434. Retrieved from


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