Development Process and Retreat of Democracy in Thailand, South Korea, and Myanmar

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Boonwat Sawangwong
Somboon Suksamran


The development process and the regression of democracy by considering the comparison between Thailand, South Korea, and Myanmar, whether they are similar or different, or not. How what factors make the difference? which aims to move towards democratic reform. This research article aimed to conduct a comparative study on the evolution of democracy. The research employed a qualitative method in which documentary research, non-participant observation, as well as in-depth interviews were performed with twenty academicians and experts in the field.

The research results were found as follows: A comparative study revealed that only South Korea has a complete democracy, which is a consequence of mutual respect for democracy and the leadership’s appreciation of democratic values such as participation, transparency, and anti-corruption culture at every level, an appropriate arrangement of the army under the leadership of a civilian government, and policy development under the economic and social development era, which enables participation from the private sector. All of which are unlike Thailand and Myanmar, which perform at a non-democratic level.

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How to Cite
Sawangwong, B., & Suksamran, S. (2022). Development Process and Retreat of Democracy in Thailand, South Korea, and Myanmar. Journal of Arts Management, 6(1), 175–189. Retrieved from
Research Articles


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