FACTORS AFFECTING ON CRITICAL SOCIAL MEDIA USING OF LOWER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Main Article Content

Nitikorn Onyon

Abstract

This study aims to examine the causal relationship. The purpose this research were to study the factors effect on critical social media using of lower secondary students and to construct predictive equation on critical social media using of lower secondary students. The samples were 396 mathayomsuksa one, two and three students in Pathumtani province which were selected by stratified random sampling. The research instruments were rating scales consisted of attitude toward critical social media using questionnaire, self-regulation questionnaire, peer influence questionnaire, parent modelling questionnaire, teacher’s social support questionnaire with reliability at 0.91, 0.84, 0.70, 0.84, 0.84, 0.74, respectively and also had a discriminant index at 0.31-0.72, 0.37-0.62, 0.31-0.67, 0.41-0.69, 0.28-0.69, 0.37-0.63, respectively. The collected data were analyzed by using mean score, standard deviation, correlation and multiple regression.


The research results found that 1) All predictor; attitude toward critical social media using, self-regulation, peer influence, parent modelling, and teacher’s social support had positive relationship to critical social media using at .01 level of significance with the correlation coefficient between 0259-0.427 2) Multiple regression analysis result found that peer influence was the most predictor on critical social media using with β at 0.307. The second predictor was attitude toward critical social media using with β at 0.260. The third predictor was self-regulation with β at 0.210. The Last predictor was parent modelling with β at 0.188. The Four predictors were able to predict on critical social media using at .05 level of significance with 37.6 percentage. The predictive equation on critical social media using were Y = 1.421 + 0.126X1 + 0.249X2 + 0.160X3 + 0.137X4 which was in term of raw scores and Z = 0.188ZX1 + 0.307ZX2 + 0.260ZX3 + 0.210ZX4 which was in term of standard score.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Research Article
Author Biography

Nitikorn Onyon, Faculty of Education, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage

สาขาวิชาวิทยาศาสตร์

คณะครุศาสตร์

มหาวิทยาลัยราชภัฏวไลยอลงกรณ์ ในพระบรมราชูปถัมภ์

References

Aiumsupasit, S. (2007). thritsadī læ theknik kān prap phrưttikam [Theory and technique in behavioral modification]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Press.

Boy, D. M. & Ellison, M. B. (2008). Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 13: 210–230.

Broom, C. (2011). From critical thinking to critical being. Psychology Press. 24: 16-27.

Bundech, W. (2010). patčhai thī song phon tō̜ phrưttikam thī phưng prasong nai kānchai ʻintœ̄net khō̜ng nakrīan chūang chan thī sām sangkat samnakngān khēt phư̄nthīkān sưksā Krung Thēp Mahā Nakhō̜n [Factors affecting appropriate internet using of third class range students under Bangkok office of education service area 1]. Master’s thesis in Education degree in Educational Research and Statistics. Srinakharinwirot University.

Chuchom, O., et al. (2006). kān wikhro̜ patčhai thāng čhit sangkhom thī samphan kap čhitsamnưk thāng panyā læ khunnaphāp chīwit khō̜ng yaowachon Thai [Analysis of Psycho-social factors related to intellectual consciousness and quality of life of Thai youth]. Bangkok: Behavioral Science Research Institute.

Ennis, R. H. (1989). Critical thinking and subject–specificity: clarification and needed research. CA: Midwest Publication.

Fisher, R. (2018). Thinking skills. Retrieved from: http://www.teachingthinking.net/thinking/web%20resources/robert_fisher_thinkingskills.htm.

Gaiwun, Y. (2013). kān wikhro̜ sathiti lāi tūaprǣ samrap ngānwičhai [Multivariate statistical analysis for research]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Press.

Intasuwun, P., et al. (1996). rāingān kānwičhai chabap thī kāosipkāo kānwičhai læ phatthanā phrưttikam kān bō̜riphōk dūai panyā khō̜ng yaowachon Thai [Research report no.99 research and development in intellectual-consumption behavior of students]. Bangkok: Behavioral Science Research Institute.

Janpipatpong, T. (2016). patčhai phāinai bukkhon læ saphāpwǣtlō̜m thāng sangkhom thī kīeokhō̜ng kap phrưttikam kānchai fētbuk dūai panyā khō̜ng naksưksā parinyā trī nai khēt Krung Thēp Mahā Nakhō̜n [Personal and social environmental factors related to intellectual facebook behavior of undergraduate students in Bangkok Metropolis]. Master’s thesis in science degree in Applied Behavioral Science Research. Srinakharinwirot University.

Joyrod, P. (2009). patčhai thī mī phon tō̜ phrưttikamkān rap sư̄ ʻinthœ̄net yāng mī wičhāranayān khō̜ng nakrīan chūang chan thī sī nai khēt Krung Thēp Mahā Nakhō̜n [Factors affecting critical internet-consumption behavior of senior high school in Bangkok]. Master’s thesis in science degree in Applied Behavioral Science Research. Srinakharinwirot University.

Kajornsilp, B. (2012). kānchai prōkrǣm HLM nai kān wikhro̜ phahu radap læ kān tīkhwām phon thī dai [Using HLM program in multi-level analysis and interpretation]. Bangkok: P.S.PRINT Printing House.

Karujit, W. (2015). rūpbǣp khō̜ng kānsư̄sān nai sư̄ dičhithan thī song phonkrathop nai ngǣ lop tō̜ dek læ yaowachon læ nǣothāng kāndūlǣ pō̜ngkan læ sœ̄msāng khwāmrū thaothan sư̄ dičhithan samrap dek læ yaowachon : kō̜ranī sưksā čhāk prathēt Thai læ tāngprathēt [Model of communication in digital media that effect to child and youth and guideline for protecting and enhancing digital media literacy for child and youth: case study from Thailand and other countries]. Bangkok: Youth radio and media organization.

Kuss, D. J. & Griffitts, M. D. (2018). Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3194102/

Lueboontawatchai, O. (2000). kān khit yāng mī wičhāranayān: kān rīan kānsō̜n thāng phayābān sāt [Critical thinking: Instruction for nursing]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Press.

National Statistics Office. (2019). sarup phon thī samkhan kānchai ʻai sī thī khō̜ng dek læ yaowachon Phō̜.Sō̜. sō̜ngphanhārō̜ihoksipʻet [Key finding of the using ICT of child and youth B.E.2561]. Bangkok: National Statistics Office.

Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education. (2019). rabop khlang khō̜mūn dān kānsưksā [Data Warehouse System in Education]. Retrieved from: http://www.eduwh.moe.go.th/

Paul, R. and Elder, L. (2001). Critical thinking: tool for taking charge of your learning and your life. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Pongpud, S. (2013). sư̄ sangkhom ʻō̜nlai : nǣothāng kānnam mā prayuk chai [Social media: guideline for application]. Retrieved from http://library.senate.go.th/document/Ext6685/6685991_0004.PDF

Rattanajarn, R. (2004). phon khō̜ng kān fưk kānkam hap tonʻēng nai kān rīan kānsō̜n wichā witthayāsāt thī mī khot ʻakān raprū khwāmsāmāt khō̜ng tonʻēng læ phon samrit thāngkān rīan wichā witthayāsāt khō̜ng nakrīan chan matthayommasưksā pī thī sām [Effects of self-regulation practice in science instruction on self-efficacy and science learning achievement of matthayomsuksa three students]. Master’s thesis in education degree in Science Education. Chulalongkorn University.

Schunk, D. H. (2012). Learning theories: an educational perspective. Boston: Pearson.

Tiraganun, S. (2012). kān wikhro̜ tūaprǣ phahu nai ngānwičhai thāng sangkhommasāt [Multivariate analysis in social research]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Printing House.

Wanichbuncha, G. (2019). kānchai SPSS for windows nai kān wikhro̜ khō̜mūn [Using SPSS for Windows in data analysis]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Press.

Wanintanon, N. (1992). ʻēkkasān prakō̜p khamsō̜n wichākān thāithō̜t thāng sangkhom kap phatthanākān khō̜ng manut (wō̜pō̜ hārō̜ipǣtsipʻet) [Socialization and human development]. Bangkok: Behavioral Science Research Institute.

Zimmerman, B. J. (1989). A social cognitive view of self-regulated academic learning. Journal of Education Psychology. 81: 229-329.