GENDER AND SELF DIRECTED LEARNING: CROSS CULTURAL RESEARCH (THAILAND AUSTRALIA)

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Gunniga Phansri
Rungson Chomeya
Araya Piyakun

Abstract

The main purposes of this research were (1) to study the Self Directed Learning Behavior of males and females (Both as a whole and 8 sub-behaviors) in Thailand and Australia, and compare the Self Directed Learning Behavior between the two countries. The samples were 202 undergraduate students from Mahasarakham University (Thailand) and Monash University Melbourne (Australia); 101 people per each country. Tools used in research consisting of a Self Directed Learning Behavior test. The statistics used were mean, standard deviation, T-test.


The results showed that: 1) The Sample from males and females of both countries had Self Directed Learning Behavior in the overall and each aspects at a medium level. The Sample from Australia males had positive orientation to the future as the samples in Thailand. On the other hands, In the Australia females, were outstanding for their opportunities to learn. The sample from Thailand was outstanding in positive orientation to the future like the male group. 2) The Self Directed Learning Behavior of males and females was significantly different at .05 level in overall and in all sub-behaviors. Sample from Australia had higher levels of Self Directed Learning Behavior than sample from Thailand in 6 aspects from 8 behaviors. The other 2 behavior were not different. In which the female group had the same result.

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