DRIVERS INFLUENCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMART CITY IN CHINA: CASE STUDY OF SHANGHAI CITY

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Samita Temphoemphoon
Achakorn Wongpreedee
Danuvasin Charoen

Abstract

The objectives of the study were, 1) to study the smart city development plan 2011 – 2020 of Shanghai and 2) to investigate factors that influenced the success of smart city development in Shanghai. The target groups of the study were experts and academics from public and private sectors who were involved with smart city development projects of Shanghai. The total number of key informants was 30 people. All of them were selected purposively for the study. The researchers applied questionnaires and semi-structured questions as the instrument to collect data. Content analysis and triangular analysis techniques were employed to analyze qualitative data. Percentage was utilized as a statistical tool to analyze quantitative data. The findings reveal that: 1) the Shanghai government has formulated policies and strategies for smart city development and has divided the development into 3 phases from 2011 - 2020. The main points were the adoption of smart city development plans, the promotion of stakeholder’s participation, and provisions of infrastructures for the city. 2) The important drivers stimulating the implementation of Shanghai smart city development projects were governance, related policies, organizational management techniques, private sector participation, community participation, technology, and city infrastructure.

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