Main Article Content
The purpose of this research was to study the effectiveness of the elderly mental health care literacy promotion program of village health volunteers. This research used two quasi-experimental research, measured before and after the experiment. The subjects were village health volunteers of 2 municipality. PathumThani municipality consists of 60 experimental groups and 60 ThaKhong municipality in the compare group. The instrument used in this study was a test on the level of the mental health literacy for the elderly, composed of 4 sections, namely access to information, understanding of decision making, and applying. Data analysis were conducted by comparing the mean and proportion statistics test. The results found that 1) the village health volunteers in the experimental group after joining the program had an average score of mental health literacy for older people ( =63.75, SD=9.98) higher than the compare group ( =39.7, SD=8.39, p < 0.001). 2) The village health volunteers in the experimental group after had the average scores of mental health literacy for older people ( =63.75, SD=9.98) higher than the before joining the program ( =41.65, SD=9.37, p <0.001). However, in the experimental group, there was a change in the level of mental health literacy of the elderly from an insufficient level to a sufficient level. Therefore, the elderly mental health literacy program of village health volunteers can be used as a tool to increase the level of mental health literacy in the village health volunteers for to care the elderly people in the community.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Arahung, R. (2017). Phon khō̜ng prōkrǣm kān songsœ̄m khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp tō̜ phrưttikamkān pō̜ngkan rōk khwām dan lōhit sūng samrap klum sīang rōk khwām dan lōhit sūng thī chumchon hǣng nưng nai čhangwat Nakhō̜n Pathom [The effects of health literacy enhancement program on hypertensive prevention behavior of pre-hypertension risk group at a community in Nakhon Pathom Province] (Master's thesis). University Christian of Thailand, Nakhonpathom.
Bureau of Mental Health Promotion and Development. (2017). Nǣothāng kāndamnœ̄n ngān songsœ̄m sukkhaphāp čhit læ pō̜ngkan panhā sukkhaphāp čhit nai phūsūngʻāyu samrap rōngphayābān chumchon læ rōngphayābān songsœ̄m sukkhaphāp radap tambon [Guidelines for Mental Health Promotion and Prevention of Mental Health Problems in the Elderly for Community Hospitals and Sub-District Health Promotion Hospitals]. Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health. http://22.214.171.124/promote/sites/default/files/sites/default/files/sw/2560.pdf
Bonwell, C., & Eison, J. (1991). Active Learning: Creating Excitement in the Classroom. The George Washington University, School of Education and Human Development. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED336049.pdf
Foundation of Thai Gerontology Research and Development Institute (TGRI). (2017). Sathānakān phū sūngʻāyu Thai po so 2559 [Situation of the Thai Elderly 2016]. http://www.dop.go.th/download/knowledge/th1512367202-108_0.pdf
Indhraratana, A. (2014). Khwām chalāt thāng sukkhaphāp khō̜ng phū prakō̜p wichāchīp dān sukkhaphāp [Health literacy of health professionals]. Journal of the Royal Thai Army Nurses, 15(3), 53-58.
Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Prentice Hall.
Lumrod, N., Kalampakorn, S., & Sillabutra, J. (2019). Phon khō̜ng prōkrǣm kānphatthanā sakkayaphāp ʻāsāsamak sāthāranasuk mūbān tō̜ khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp nai kān chūai lœ̄k burī čhangwat Pathum Thānī [The effect of a village health volunteer capacity development program on health literacy in smoking cessation aid in Pathum Thani province]. Journal of Health Science Research, 13(1), 84-94.
Muijeen, K. (2015). Patčhai thī mī phon tō̜ radap sukkhaphāp čhit khō̜ng phū sūngʻāyu [Determinants of mental health among aging]. Journal of Science and Technology, 23(2), 307-318.
Nammontri, O. (2018). Khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp [Health literacy]. Journal of the Good Governance, 29(1), 122-128.
Niamuenwai, A. (2018). Prasitthiphon khō̜ng prōkrǣm kānphatthanā khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp læ phrưttikam sukkhaphāp sām A. sō̜ng . khō̜ng ʻāsāsamak sāthāranasuk pračham mūbān nak čhatkān sukkhaphāp chumchon ʻamphœ̄ bān lư̄am čhangwat Nakhō̜n Rātchasīmā [Effectiveness of the program to develop health literacy and health behavior 3A. 2S. of village health volunteers, community health managers Ban Lueam District Nakhon Ratchasima Province]. Journal of Health Research and Development, Nakhon Ratchasima Provincial Public Health Office, 4(2), 35-76.
Noppakraw, J. (2017). Khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp læ kānčhatkān tonʻēng nai phū sūngʻāyu thī pen rōk baowān chanit thī sō̜ng [Health understanding and self-management in the elderly with type 2 contagious disease] (Master's thesis). Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai.
Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3), 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/15.3.259
Nutbeam, D. (2008). The evolving concept of health literacy. Social Science & Medicine, 67(12), 2072-2078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.09.050
Petburi, P. (2016). Phon khō̜ng prōkrǣm kān sanapsanun thāng sangkhom tō̜ phāwa sukkhaphāp čhit khō̜ng phūsūngʻāyu [The effect of a social support program on the mental health of the elderly] (Master's thesis). Thammasat University, Bangkok.
Rueangput, P., & Jitbantad, W. (2013). Khwāmrū læ kān patibat ngān khō̜ng ʻāsāsamak sāthāranasuk pračham mūbān nai kāndūlǣ phū phikān nai chumchon: Kō̜ranī sưksā chumchon nā khīan tambon nā khīan ʻamphœ̄ mư̄ang čhangwat nakhō̜n sī tham rāt [Village health volunteers’ knowledge and performance in the care of people with disabilities: A case study of Nakean community, Muang Nakhon Si Thamarat]. Nursing Journal of the Ministry of Public Health, 23(2), 32-43.
Sangkhiew-ngam, S. (2016). Patčhai thī samphan kap phāwa sưmsao nai phū sūngʻāyu thī pen rōk mai tittō̜ rư̄arang thīmā chai bō̜rikān nai rōngphayābān songsœ̄m sukkhaphāp tambon bưng khā phrō̜i mū sipʻet ʻamphœ̄ lā lūk kā čhangwat Pathum Thānī [Factors Relating to Depression in Elderly People with Chronic Noncommunicable Disease Use Services at Health Promotion Hospitals Bueng Kap Roi Subdistrict, Village No. 11, La Luk Ka District, Pathum Thani Province]. https://www.western.ac.th/images/NurseW/RESEARCHPROJECT/2559/depress-elder06.pdf
Sorensen, K., Van den Broucke, S., Fullam, J., Doyle, G., Pelikan, J., Slonska, Z., & Brand, H. ( 2012). Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 12(80), 1-13.
Stormacq, C., Stormacq J., & Broucke, S., (2016). The effectiveness of health literac interventions on health-related outcomes among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults living in the community: A systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 14(2), 49-63.
Tanasugarn, C. (2017). Khwām rō̜prū dān sukkhaphāp [Health Literacy]. http://doh.hpc.go.th/
Thipnet, A. (2013). Prasitthiphon khō̜ng prōkrǣm sukkhasưksā phư̄a phatthanā khwāmrū dān sukkhaphāp rư̄ang yāsēptit samrap nakrīan chan prathomsưksā pī thī hok rōngrīan sāthit hǣng mahāwitthayālai kasētsāt sūn wičhai læ phatthanākān sưksā [The effectiveness of health education program for developing health knowledge on drugs for prathom suksa 6 students, Kasetsart University Demonstration School, Educational Research and Development Center] (Master's thesis). Kasetsart University, Bangkok.